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Globalization and Competitive Strategies in European Vulnerable Regions

Author

Listed:
  • Antonio Affuso
  • Roberta Capello
  • Ugo Fratesi

Abstract

Affuso A., Capello R. and Fratesi U. Globalization and competitive strategies in European vulnerable regions, Regional Studies. This paper highlights the role played by structural economic features and industrial competitive strategies in the performance of a group of European regions, defined as 'vulnerable' because of their specialization in industries particularly exposed to international trade. Different growth patterns emerge among them. The most successful regions are those with a strong presence of high value-added functions, of best-performing vulnerable sectors, but also with high Structural Funds expenditure on human resources. Moreover, among the industrial strategies analysed, it is found that the only winning strategy explaining higher productivity gains is industrial reconversion at the expense of employment growth. [image omitted] Affuso A., Capello R. et Fratesi U. La mondialisation et les strategies competitives des regions europeennes vulnerables, Regional Studies. Cet article cherche a souligner le role joue par les caracteristiques economiques structurelles et les strategies competitives industrielles pour ce qui est de la perfomance d'un groupe de regions europeennes definies comme 'vulnerables' a cause de leur specialisation dans des industries bien exposees au commerce international. Il en ressort des chemins de croissance differents. Les regions les plus reussies sont celles qui montrent clairement des fonctions de valeur ajoutee elevee, des secteurs vulnerables les plus perfomants, mais aussi dont les fonds structurels depenses pour les ressources humaines s'averent eleves. Qui plus est, parmi les strategies industrielles analysees, il s'avere que la seule strategie reussie susceptible d'expliquer les plus grands gains de productivite est celle de la reconversion industrielle au depens de la croissance de l'emploi. Mondialisation Regions europeennes vulnerables Croissance regionale Affuso A., Capello R. und Fratesi U. Globalisierung und Wettbewerbsstrategien in anfalligen Regionen Europas, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag wird die Rolle der strukturellen Wirtschaftsmerkmale und der branchenspezifischen Wettbewerbsstrategien fur die Leistungsfahigkeit von einer Gruppe europaischer Regionen untersucht, die aufgrund ihrer Spezialisierung auf besonders stark vom internationalen Handel abhangige Branchen als 'anfallig' definiert werden. Hierbei werden verschiedene Wachstumsmuster deutlich. Die erfolgreichsten Regionen zeichnen sich durch eine hohe Prasenz von stark wertsteigernden Funktionen innerhalb der leistungsfahigsten anfalligen Sektoren aus, aber auch durch hohe Strukturfonds-Investitionen fur Arbeitskrafte. Daruber hinaus eignet sich von den analysierten Branchenstrategien nur eine erfolgreiche Strategie zur Erklarung der hoheren Produktivitatssteigerungen, namlich die der Branchenrekonversion zu Kosten des Beschaftigungswachstums. Globalisierung Anfallige Regionen Europas Regionales Wachstum Affuso A., Capello R. y Fratesi U. Globalizacion y estrategias competitivas en regiones europeas vulnerables, Regional Studies. En este articulo destacamos el papel desempenado por las caracteristicas economicas estructurales y las estrategias competitivas industriales en el desempeno de un grupo de regiones europeas, definidas como 'vulnerables' debido a su especializacion en industrias que dependen en gran medida del comercio internacional. Estas regiones muestran diferentes modelos de crecimiento. Las regiones con mas exito son las que tienen una solida presencia de funciones con alto valor anadido ademas de sectores vulnerables con mejor desempeno, pero tambien altos gastos de fondos estructurales en recursos humanos. Asimismo entre las estrategias industriales analizadas, se observa que solamente hay una estrategia ganadora que da razon de aumentos mas altos de productividad, es decir, la reconversion industrial a costa del crecimiento de empleo. Globalizacion Regiones europeas vulnerables Crecimiento regional

Suggested Citation

  • Antonio Affuso & Roberta Capello & Ugo Fratesi, 2011. "Globalization and Competitive Strategies in European Vulnerable Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(5), pages 657-675.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:45:y:2011:i:5:p:657-675 DOI: 10.1080/00343401003614290
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthias Flückiger & Markus Ludwig, 2015. "Chinese export competition, declining exports and adjustments at the industry and regional level in Europe," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 48(3), pages 1120-1151, August.
    2. repec:krk:eberjl:v:1:y:2013:i:4:p:21-36 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Roberto Camagni & Roberta Capello (ed.), 2011. "Spatial Scenarios in a Global Perspective," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14523, September.
    4. Roberta Capello & Ugo Fratesi, 2012. "Modelling Regional Growth: An Advanced MASST Model," Spatial Economic Analysis, Taylor & Francis Journals, pages 293-318.

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