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Specialization and Competition amongst European Cities: A New Approach through Fair and Exhibition Activities

Author

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  • Juan Cuadrado-Roura
  • Luis Rubalcaba-Bermejo

Abstract

CUADRADO-ROURA J. R. and RUBALCABA-BERMEJO L. (1998) Specialization and competition amongst European cities: a new approach through fair and exhibition activities, Reg. Studies 32 , 133-147. This paper reviews the concept of urban specialization through the processes of exhibition concentration and diversification. Its purpose is to analyse different urban specialization patterns in Europe, evaluating to what extent specialization strategies can be worthwhile. Fairs and exhibitions are taken as a reference case. The results confirm the existence of sharp disparities between European exhibition cities, where different levels of specialization are seen. Consequently, there can be no valid single exhibition or urban policy, since specialization strategies must be adapted to suit the size and profile of each city CUADRADO-ROURA J. R. et RUBALCABA-BERMEJO L. (1998) La specialisation et la concurrence entre les grandes villes europeennes: une facon nouvelle a partir des foires et des expositions, Reg. Studies 32 , 133-147. Cet article cherche a faire la critique de la notion de specialisation urbaine a partir de la concentration et de la diversification des expositions. Il a pour but d'analyser les differentes distributions de la specialisation urbaine en Europe, tout en evaluant dans quelle mesure une strategie de specialisation est valable. Des foires et des expositions sont des points de repere. Les resultats confirment que des ecarts se creusent entre les grandes villes europeennes ou ont lieu des expositions et ou des niveaux de specialisation differents sont a noter. Par consequent, il ne pourrait pas etre une seule politique des expositions ou de la ville valable, puisqu'il faut adapter les strategies de specialisation pour qu'elles conviennent a la taille et au profil de chaque ville CUADRADO-ROURA J. R. und RUBALCABA-BERMEJO L. (1998) Spezialisierung und Wettbewerb unter Europaischen Stadten: ein neuer Ansatz mittels Handelsmessen- und Ausstellungsveranstaltungen, Reg. Studies 32 , 133-147. Der vorliegende Aufsatz untersucht den Begriff stadtischer Spezialisierung durch die Vorgange der Konzentration und Streuung von Ausstellungen. Er beabsichtigt, unterschiedliche stadtische Spezialisierungsmuster in Europa zu analysieren und dabei zu beweisen, inwieweit Spezialisierungsstrategien sich lohnen. Handelsmessen und Ausstellungen werden als Beispiele heranzogen. Die Ergebnisse bestatigen das Vorkommen starker Unterschiede zwischen europaischen Ausstellungsstadten, bei denen verschiedene Grade der Spezialisierung festgestellt wurden. Es kann infolgedessen keine alleingultige Ausstellungs-oder Stadtpolitik geben, da Spezialisierungsbestrebungen der Grosse und Profilierung jeder Stadt entsprechend angepasst werden mussen.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan Cuadrado-Roura & Luis Rubalcaba-Bermejo, 1998. "Specialization and Competition amongst European Cities: A New Approach through Fair and Exhibition Activities," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(2), pages 133-147.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:32:y:1998:i:2:p:133-147 DOI: 10.1080/00343409850123026
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Luis Rubalcaba-Bermejo & Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura, 1995. "Urban Hierarchies and Territorial Competition in Europe: Exploring the Role of Fairs and Exhibitions," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 32(2), pages 379-400, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Natalya Rybnikova & Boris Portnov, 2015. "Using light-at-night (LAN) satellite data for identifying clusters of economic activities in Europe," Letters in Spatial and Resource Sciences, Springer, pages 307-334.
    2. William B. Beyers & David P. Lindahl, 1998. "Services and the new economic landscape," ERSA conference papers ersa98p391, European Regional Science Association.
    3. Christian LONGHI, 2008. "Empirics Of The Metropolitan Productivity Patterns In Europe," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 27, pages 61-82.
    4. Metaxas, Theodore & Kallioras, Dimitris, 2004. "Medium size cities economic development and regional competitiveness: the case of Larissa – Volos dipole in Thessaly region of Greece," MPRA Paper 41122, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2004.
    5. Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura, 2016. "Service industries and regional analysis.New directions and challenges," Working Papers 09/16, Instituto Universitario de Análisis Económico y Social.
    6. Rosa, Frederico, 2013. "Barreiro – Modelo para a implementação de um Agência de Investimento Local
      [Barreiro - Model for the implementation of a local investment agency]
      ," MPRA Paper 51671, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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