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Competitive Equilibrium and Classroom Pit Markets


  • Bradley J. Ruffle


Efforts to show the relevance of economic concepts early in a student's education can prevent the “economics is not very useful” attitude from setting in. The author extends the work of Holt to describe a pit-market experiment used to illustrate the concept of competitive equilibrium. In addition to detailed instructions as to how to set up and conduct a pit-market experiment, the author discusses features of the data and provides accompanying materials, including software for the display of the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Bradley J. Ruffle, 2003. "Competitive Equilibrium and Classroom Pit Markets," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 34(2), pages 123-137, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jeduce:v:34:y:2003:i:2:p:123-137 DOI: 10.1080/00220480309595207

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Charles A. Holt & Monica Capra, 2000. "Classroom Games: A Prisoner's Dilemma," The Journal of Economic Education, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 31(3), pages 229-236, September.
    2. Reinhard Selten, 1973. "A Simple Model of Imperfect Competition, where 4 are Few and 6 are Many," Center for Mathematical Economics Working Papers 008, Center for Mathematical Economics, Bielefeld University.
    3. Nagel, Rosemarie, 1995. "Unraveling in Guessing Games: An Experimental Study," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 85(5), pages 1313-1326, December.
    4. Brauer, Jurgen & Delemeester, Greg, 2001. " Games Economists Play: A Survey of Non-computerized Classroom-Games for College Economics," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(2), pages 221-236, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ruffle, Bradley J., 2005. "Tax and subsidy incidence equivalence theories: experimental evidence from competitive markets," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(8), pages 1519-1542, August.
    2. Liu, Donald J. & Walker, J.D. & Bauer, Theresa A. & Zhao, Meng, 2007. "Facilitating Classroom Economics Experiments with an Emerging Technology: The Case of Clickers," 2007 Annual Meeting, July 29-August 1, 2007, Portland, Oregon TN 9873, American Agricultural Economics Association (New Name 2008: Agricultural and Applied Economics Association).
    3. Roland Kirstein & Dieter Schmidtchen, "undated". "Self-interest, Social Wealth, and Competition as a Discovery Procedure," German Working Papers in Law and Economics 2004-1-1083, Berkeley Electronic Press.
    4. Kirstein, Roland & Schmidtchen, Dieter, 2003. "Self-interest, Social Wealth, and Competition as a Discovery Procedure : A classroom experiment that makes the "invisible hand" visible," CSLE Discussion Paper Series 2003-08, Saarland University, CSLE - Center for the Study of Law and Economics.

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