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Revisiting forever gained: Income dynamics in the resettlement areas of Zimbabwe, 1983-96


  • Jan Willem Gunning
  • John Hoddinott
  • Bill Kinsey
  • Trudy Owens


This study examines income dynamics for a panel of households resettled on former white-owned farms in the aftermath of Zimbabwe's independence. There are four core findings: (i) over a 13-year period (1983-96) there has been an impressive accumulation of assets and a dramatic increase of crop incomes; (ii) the rise of crop incomes is partly due to asset accumulation but largely to increased asset returns; (Hi) differences between households in initial conditions, such as previous farming experience, have few persistent effects; and (iv) income growth has been widely shared, income inequality has fallen sharply and the largest percentage increases in incomes are recorded by households that initially had the lowest incomes.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Willem Gunning & John Hoddinott & Bill Kinsey & Trudy Owens, 2000. "Revisiting forever gained: Income dynamics in the resettlement areas of Zimbabwe, 1983-96," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 36(6), pages 131-154.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:jdevst:v:36:y:2000:i:6:p:131-154
    DOI: 10.1080/00220380008422657

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Davidson, Russell & MacKinnon, James G., 1993. "Estimation and Inference in Econometrics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780195060119.
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