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Costly Monitoring in Financial Markets and Capital Outflow Restrictions

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  • Xu Bin

Abstract

This paper examines welfare implications of removing capital outflow restrictions in a country whose financial markets are relatively inefficient in monitoring borrowers. A simple general equilibrium model is developed in which credit is rationed in one of the two production sectors due to costly information in financial markets. Opening to international capital markets is shown to cause an outflow of domestic wealth but no inflow of foreign credit, leading to more severe credit rationing. If the domestic investment opportunities that are unexploited due to credit rationing are sufficiently profitable, welfare of the country declines after it removes capital outflow restrictions. [O16]

Suggested Citation

  • Xu Bin, 1998. "Costly Monitoring in Financial Markets and Capital Outflow Restrictions," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(2), pages 117-136.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:intecj:v:12:y:1998:i:2:p:117-136
    DOI: 10.1080/10168739800000017
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mark Gertler, 1988. "Financial structure and aggregate economic activity: an overview," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 559-596.
    2. Boyd, John H. & Smith, Bruce D., 1992. "Intermediation and the equilibrium allocation of investment capital : Implications for economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 409-432, December.
    3. Stephen D. Williamson, 1987. "Costly Monitoring, Loan Contracts, and Equilibrium Credit Rationing," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 102(1), pages 135-145.
    4. Williamson, Stephen D., 1986. "Costly monitoring, financial intermediation, and equilibrium credit rationing," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 159-179, September.
    5. N. Gregory Mankiw, 1986. "The Allocation of Credit and Financial Collapse," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(3), pages 455-470.
    6. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
    7. Boyd, John H & Smith, Bruce D, 1994. "How Good Are Standard Debt Contracts? Stochastic versus Nonstochastic Monitoring in a Costly State Verification Environment," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 67(4), pages 539-561, October.
    8. Townsend, Robert M., 1979. "Optimal contracts and competitive markets with costly state verification," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 265-293, October.
    9. Innes, Robert, 1991. "Investment and government intervention in credit markets when there is asymmetric information," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(3), pages 347-381, December.
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