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Value Capture in the Global Electronics Industry: Empirical Evidence for the “Smiling Curve” Concept

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  • Namchul Shin
  • Kenneth L. Kraemer
  • Jason Dedrick

Abstract

This research asks who captures the greatest value in the global electronics industry by testing the concept of the “smiling curve”, which predicts that the greatest value is captured by upstream and downstream firms, and the lowest value is captured in the middle of the value chain. We test the concept using the Electronic Business 300 data-set for 2000--2005. We find that lead firms and component suppliers earn higher gross margins and net margins compared to contract manufacturers. However, the differences are minimal for return on assets (ROA) and return on equity (ROE). We also find that active component suppliers gain higher profits than passive component suppliers. These findings suggest that the smiling curve is right if value is defined in terms of gross margins, but the cost of sustaining a position on either end of the curve is so high that returns on investment are similar across the curve.

Suggested Citation

  • Namchul Shin & Kenneth L. Kraemer & Jason Dedrick, 2012. "Value Capture in the Global Electronics Industry: Empirical Evidence for the “Smiling Curve” Concept," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(2), pages 89-107, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:indinn:v:19:y:2012:i:2:p:89-107
    DOI: 10.1080/13662716.2012.650883
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ksp:journ6:v:4:y:2017:i:3:p:278-286 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Petr Pavlínek & Jan Ženka, 2016. "Value creation and value capture in the automotive industry: Empirical evidence from Czechia," Environment and Planning A, , vol. 48(5), pages 937-959, May.
    3. Cecilia Jona Lasinio & Stefano Manzocchi & Valentina Meliciani, 2017. "Knowledge Based Capital and Value Creation in Global Supply Chains," Working Papers LuissLab 17134, Dipartimento di Economia e Finanza, LUISS Guido Carli.
    4. Ye, Ming & Meng, Bo & Wei, Shang-jin, 2015. "Measuring smile curves in global value chains," IDE Discussion Papers 530, Institute of Developing Economies, Japan External Trade Organization(JETRO).
    5. Emanuela Todeva & Ruslan Rakhmatullin, 2016. "Global Value Chains Mapping: Methodology and Cases for Policy Makers. Thematic Work on Value Chain Mapping in the Context of Smart Specialisation," JRC Working Papers JRC102803, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
    6. Ito, Tadashi & Vézina, Pierre-Louis, 2016. "Production fragmentation, upstreamness, and value added: Evidence from Factory Asia 1990–2005," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 1-9.
    7. Yoshimichi Murakami & Keijiro Otsuka, 2017. "A Review of the Literature on Productivity Impacts of Global Value Chains and Foreign Direct Investment: Towards an Integrated Approach," Discussion Paper Series DP2017-19, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    8. Kevin C Cheng & Sidra Rehman & Dulani Seneviratne & Shiny Zhang, 2015. "Reaping the Benefits from Global Value Chains," IMF Working Papers 15/204, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Zhang, Fang & Gallagher, Kelly Sims, 2016. "Innovation and technology transfer through global value chains: Evidence from China's PV industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 191-203.
    10. Wen Chen & Reitze Gouma & Bart Los & Marcel P. Timmer, 2017. "Measuring the income to intangibles in goods production: a global value chain approach," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 36, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
    11. Prema-chandra Athukorala & Peter B. Dixon & Maureen T. Rimmer, 2017. "Global Supply Chains: towards a CGE analysis," Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre Working Papers g-281, Victoria University, Centre of Policy Studies/IMPACT Centre.
    12. ye, ming, 2016. "Trace the goods and value-added route in exports," MPRA Paper 73476, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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