Measurement of harmony of financial reporting within and between countries: the case of the Nordic countries
This article aims to examine the usefulness of Archer et al.et's (1995) decomposed C-index in measuring harmony and hence harmonization. Financial reporting in the Nordic countries (Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden) at four dates in the period between 1981 and 1998 is used as a case study to demonstrate the method and to generate debate about the methodology. The discussion of the results of the analysis leads to the identification of a number of problems that arise in the interpretation of the indices. The difficulties have been divided into two main groups: (1) problems relating to causal inference; and (2) problems relating to properties of the indices. It is argued that the inter-play between these difficulties means that the use and interpretation of the indices is very complicated. Overcoming these obstacles would require a far more intricate model, which might prove less satisfactory than a qualitative analysis based on closer examination of the base data.
Volume (Year): 10 (2001)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
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References listed on IDEAS
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- Emenyonu, Emmanuel N. & Gray, Sidney J., 1996. "International accounting harmonization and the major developed stock market countries: An empirical study," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 269-279.
- Leo van der Tas, 1992. "Evidence of EC financial reporting practice harmonization," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(1), pages 69-104.
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