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Disclosure harmonization of accounting practices: the case for South Asia

  • Muhammad Jahangir Ali
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    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to examine the extent of disclosure harmonization in selected accounting disclosure practices in three South Asian countries, namely, India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a sample of 566 non-financial companies for the financial year 1998. A total of 91 disclosure items were selected from 13 common IAS-based accounting standards. The I index and chi-square statistics are used to measure the degree of disclosure harmonization. Findings – The values of the I index show a relatively higher degree of disclosure harmonization in the areas of inventories, cash flow statements, consolidated financial statements, investment in subsidiaries, and borrowing costs. A lower level of harmonization is observed in the areas of taxes on income, leases, retirement benefit costs, and investments. Originality/value – These finding have implications for the national standard setters and regulators as well as the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the South Asian Federation of Accountants (SAFA). These bodies may work together for the improvement of comparability of financial reporting in the region.

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    Article provided by Emerald Group Publishing in its journal Asian Review of Accounting.

    Volume (Year): 14 (2006)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages: 168-186

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    Handle: RePEc:eme:arapps:v:14:y:2006:i:1:p:168-186
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    1. Street, Donna L. & Gray, Sidney J. & Bryant, Stephanie M., 1999. "Acceptance and Observance of International Accounting Standards: An Empirical Study of Companies Claiming to Comply with IASs," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 11-48.
    2. Emenyonu, Emmanuel N. & Gray, Sidney J., 1996. "International accounting harmonization and the major developed stock market countries: An empirical study," The International Journal of Accounting, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 269-279.
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