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Banking structure and employment growth


  • Robert Collender
  • Sherrill Shaffer


Recent studies have documented an association between financial structure and per capita income growth. The relationship between financial structure and job growth, by contrast, is an unexplored issue of independent interest. Here we find that US nonmetropolitan employment grew faster in 1973-1996 where there were fewer locally owned bank offices and a more concentrated initial banking market structure; these linkages were less stable in metropolitan areas. In addition, controlling for employment growth does not undermine the empirical linkage between initial bank structure and subsequent per capita income growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert Collender & Sherrill Shaffer, 2009. "Banking structure and employment growth," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(19), pages 2403-2417.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:41:y:2009:i:19:p:2403-2417
    DOI: 10.1080/00036840801998607

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Claudia Goldin, 1986. "The Earnings Gap Between Male and Female Workers: An Historical Perspective," NBER Working Papers 1888, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Douglas E. Evanoff & Philip R. Israilevich & Graham R. Schindler, 1997. "The role of the financial services industry in the local economy," Working Paper Series, Issues in Financial Regulation WP-97-21, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
    3. Gregory E. Elliehausen & John D. Wolken, 1990. "Banking markets and the use of financial services by small and medium- sized businesses," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Oct, pages 801-817.
    4. Rafael Rob, 1995. "Entry and exit of firms and the turnover of jobs in U.S. manufacturing," Business Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, issue Mar, pages 3-18.
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    1. Festic, Mejra & Kavkler, Alenka, 2012. "The Roots of the Banking Crisis in the New EU Member States: A Panel Regression Approach," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(1), pages 20-40, March.

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