IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/spr/scient/v102y2015i2d10.1007_s11192-014-1406-4.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

A bibliometric study of China’s science and technology policies: 1949–2010

Author

Listed:
  • Cui Huang

    (Tsinghua University)

  • Jun Su

    (Tsinghua University)

  • Xiang Xie

    (Beijing Jiaotong University)

  • Xuanting Ye

    (Tsinghua University)

  • Zhang Li

    (Tsinghua University)

  • Alan Porter

    (Georgia Institute of Technology)

  • Jiang Li

    () (Zhejiang University)

Abstract

This paper uses a bibliometric analysis method to probe into the evolution of China’s science and technology policies from 1949 to 2010, and the roles of core government agencies in policy-making. We obtained 4,707 Chinese S&T policies from GDIS, a Chinese public policy database provided by Tsinghua University. Co-word analysis and network analysis were applied in mapping the topics of S&T policies and collaboration among the agencies, while citation analysis was applied to assess the influence of S&T policies. Findings include: first, the focus of Chinese S&T policies is mainly on applied research and industrialization, rather than basic research; second, more and more government agencies are involved in making S&T policies, but collaboration efforts are not significantly increasing; last but not least, the influence of different S&T policies is determined by the administrative ranking of the policy-making agencies responsible for drafting those policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Cui Huang & Jun Su & Xiang Xie & Xuanting Ye & Zhang Li & Alan Porter & Jiang Li, 2015. "A bibliometric study of China’s science and technology policies: 1949–2010," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 102(2), pages 1521-1539, February.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:102:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1406-4
    DOI: 10.1007/s11192-014-1406-4
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://link.springer.com/10.1007/s11192-014-1406-4
    File Function: Abstract
    Download Restriction: Access to the full text of the articles in this series is restricted.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Zhicun Gao & Clem Tisdell, 2004. "China's reformed science and technology system: an overview and assessment," Prometheus, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(3), pages 311-331.
    2. Oscar N. Ventura & Alvaro W. Mombrú, 2006. "Use of bibliometric information to assist research policy making. A comparison of publication and citation profiles of Full and Associate Professors at a School of Chemistry in Uruguay," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 69(2), pages 287-313, November.
    3. Cui Huang & Jun Su & Xiang Xie & Jiang Li, 2014. "Basic research is overshadowed by applied research in China: a policy perspective," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 99(3), pages 689-694, June.
    4. Lin, Justin Yifu & Yang, Dennis Tao, 2000. "Food Availability, Entitlements and the Chinese Famine of 1959-61," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 110(460), pages 136-158, January.
    5. Can Huang & Celeste Amorim & Joaquim Borges Gouveia & Mark Spinoglio & Augusto Medina, 2004. "Organization, Program and Structure: An Analysis of the Chinese Innovation Policy Framework," Working Papers de Economia (Economics Working Papers) 17, Departamento de Economia, Gestão e Engenharia Industrial, Universidade de Aveiro.
    6. Zhong-Yi Wang & Gang Li & Chun-Ya Li & Ang Li, 2012. "Research on the semantic-based co-word analysis," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 90(3), pages 855-875, March.
    7. Star X. Zhao & Paul L. Zhang & Jiang Li & Alice M. Tan & Fred Y. Ye, 2014. "Abstracting the core subnet of weighted networks based on link strengths," Journal of the Association for Information Science & Technology, Association for Information Science & Technology, vol. 65(5), pages 984-994, May.
    8. Smith, K. & Marinova, D., 2005. "Use of bibliometric modelling for policy making," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 69(1), pages 177-187.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Munan Li, 2015. "A novel three-dimension perspective to explore technology evolution," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 105(3), pages 1679-1697, December.
    2. Yang, Chao & Huang, Cui & Su, Jun, 2020. "A bibliometrics-based research framework for exploring policy evolution: A case study of China's information technology policies," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 157(C).
    3. Cui Huang & Chao Yang & Jun Su, 2018. "Policy change analysis based on “policy target–policy instrument” patterns: a case study of China’s nuclear energy policy," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(2), pages 1081-1114, November.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Cui Huang & Chao Yang & Jun Su, 2018. "Policy change analysis based on “policy target–policy instrument” patterns: a case study of China’s nuclear energy policy," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 117(2), pages 1081-1114, November.
    2. Yang, Chao & Huang, Cui & Su, Jun, 2020. "A bibliometrics-based research framework for exploring policy evolution: A case study of China's information technology policies," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 157(C).
    3. Ling-Chu Lee & Yi-Yang Lee & Yi-Ching Liaw, 2012. "Bibliometric analysis for development of research strategies in agricultural technology: the case of Taiwan," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 93(3), pages 813-830, December.
    4. Wang, Hui & Riedinger, Jeffrey & Jin, Songqing, 2015. "Land documents, tenure security and land rental development: Panel evidence from China," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 220-235.
    5. Huang, Wei & Zhou, Yi, 2013. "Effects of education on cognition at older ages: Evidence from China's Great Famine," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 54-62.
    6. Loh, Chung-Ping A. & Li, Qiang, 2013. "Peer effects in adolescent bodyweight: Evidence from rural China," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 35-44.
    7. Deng, Xin & Xu, Dingde & Zeng, Miao & Qi, Yanbin, 2019. "Does early-life famine experience impact rural land transfer? Evidence from China," Land Use Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 58-67.
    8. Kai Hu & Huayi Wu & Kunlun Qi & Jingmin Yu & Siluo Yang & Tianxing Yu & Jie Zheng & Bo Liu, 2018. "A domain keyword analysis approach extending Term Frequency-Keyword Active Index with Google Word2Vec model," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 114(3), pages 1031-1068, March.
    9. de Oliveira, Thaiane Moreira & de Albuquerque, Sofia & Toth, Janderson Pereira & Bello, Debora Zava, 2018. "International cooperation networks of the BRICS bloc," SocArXiv b6x43, Center for Open Science.
    10. Shige Song, 2013. "Prenatal malnutrition and subsequent foetal loss risk: Evidence from the 1959-1961 Chinese famine," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 29(26), pages 707-728.
    11. Huang, Can & Soete, Luc, 2007. "The Global Challenges of the Knowledge Economy: China and the EU," MERIT Working Papers 2007-028, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    12. Xiang Zhu & Yunqiu Zhang, 2020. "Co-word analysis method based on meta-path of subject knowledge network," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 123(2), pages 753-766, May.
    13. Jinkai Yu & Wenjing Bi, 2019. "Evolution of Marine Environmental Governance Policy in China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(18), pages 1-1, September.
    14. Martin Ravallion, 1997. "Famines and Economics," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 35(3), pages 1205-1242, September.
    15. Liu Yang & Keping Li & Hangfei Huang, 2018. "A new network model for extracting text keywords," Scientometrics, Springer;Akadémiai Kiadó, vol. 116(1), pages 339-361, July.
    16. Huang, Can & Wu, Yilin, 2012. "State-led Technological Development: A Case of China’s Nanotechnology Development," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 970-982.
    17. Boeing, Philipp, 2016. "The allocation and effectiveness of China’s R&D subsidies - Evidence from listed firms," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(9), pages 1774-1789.
    18. Song, Shige, 2013. "Identifying the intergenerational effects of the 1959–1961 Chinese Great Leap Forward Famine on infant mortality," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 474-487.
    19. Cormac Ó Gráda, 2007. "Making Famine History," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 45(1), pages 5-38, March.
    20. Seonghoon Kim & Quheng Deng & Belton M. Fleisher & Shi Li, 2010. "The Lasting Impact of Mothers’ Fetal Malnutrition on Their Offspring: Evidence from the China Great Leap Forward Famine," Working Papers 10-01, Ohio State University, Department of Economics.

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:scient:v:102:y:2015:i:2:d:10.1007_s11192-014-1406-4. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Springer Nature Abstracting and Indexing). General contact details of provider: http://www.springer.com .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.