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The wrong skew problem in stochastic frontier models when inefficiency depends on environmental variables

Author

Listed:
  • Cheol-Keun Cho

    (Korea Energy Economics Institute)

  • Peter Schmidt

    () (Michigan State University)

Abstract

A well-known result due to Waldman (J Econom 18:275–279, 1982) states that, in the standard normal/half-normal SFA model, estimated technical inefficiency will be zero if the OLS residuals are positively skewed. It is not clear how much this result generalizes. In this paper, we consider the normal/half-normal model in which the distribution of the half-normal error depends on explanatory variables. We consider estimation by nonlinear least squares and maximum likelihood. In both cases, we find a stationary point (zero derivatives) at parameter values that indicate zero inefficiency, a result similar to Waldman’s. However, both for nonlinear least squares and for MLE, we show that in general the stationary point is neither a local minimum nor a local maximum.

Suggested Citation

  • Cheol-Keun Cho & Peter Schmidt, 2020. "The wrong skew problem in stochastic frontier models when inefficiency depends on environmental variables," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 58(5), pages 2031-2047, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:empeco:v:58:y:2020:i:5:d:10.1007_s00181-018-1573-x
    DOI: 10.1007/s00181-018-1573-x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. William C. Horrace & Michah W. Rothbart & Yi Yang, 2020. "Technical Efficiency of Public Middle Schools in New York City," Center for Policy Research Working Papers 235, Center for Policy Research, Maxwell School, Syracuse University.

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