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One-dimensional maps with two discontinuity points and three linear branches: mathematical lessons for understanding the dynamics of financial markets

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  • Fabio Tramontana
  • Frank Westerhoff
  • Laura Gardini

Abstract

We develop a simple financial market model with heterogeneous interacting speculators. The dynamics of our model is driven by a one-dimensional discontinuous piecewise linear map, having two discontinuity points and three linear branches. On the one hand, we study this map analytically and numerically to advance our knowledge about such dynamical systems. In particular, not much is known about discontinuous maps involving three branches. On the other hand, we seek to improve our understanding of the functioning of financial markets. We find, for instance, that such maps can generate complex bull and bear market dynamics. Copyright Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Tramontana & Frank Westerhoff & Laura Gardini, 2014. "One-dimensional maps with two discontinuity points and three linear branches: mathematical lessons for understanding the dynamics of financial markets," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 37(1), pages 27-51, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:decfin:v:37:y:2014:i:1:p:27-51
    DOI: 10.1007/s10203-013-0145-y
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Day, Richard H. & Huang, Weihong, 1990. "Bulls, bears and market sheep," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 14(3), pages 299-329, December.
    2. Carl Chiarella & Roberto Dieci & Xue-Zhong He, 2008. "Heterogeneity, Market Mechanisms, and Asset Price Dynamics," Research Paper Series 231, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    3. Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Gardini, Laura, 2010. "On the complicated price dynamics of a simple one-dimensional discontinuous financial market model with heterogeneous interacting traders," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 74(3), pages 187-205, June.
    4. J. Barkley Rosser Jr. (ed.), 2009. "Handbook of Research on Complexity," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3625.
    5. Huang, Weihong & Zheng, Huanhuan & Chia, Wai-Mun, 2010. "Financial crises and interacting heterogeneous agents," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(6), pages 1105-1122, June.
    6. Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Gardini, Laura, 2015. "A simple financial market model with chartists and fundamentalists: Market entry levels and discontinuities," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 16-40.
    7. Westerhoff Frank H., 2008. "The Use of Agent-Based Financial Market Models to Test the Effectiveness of Regulatory Policies," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 228(2-3), pages 195-227, April.
    8. Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Gardini, Laura, 2013. "The bull and bear market model of Huang and Day: Some extensions and new results," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 2351-2370.
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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Grassetti & Cristiana Mammana & Elisabetta Michetti, 2018. "Poverty trap, boom and bust periods and growth. A nonlinear model for non-developed and developing countries," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 41(2), pages 145-162, November.
    2. Giovanni Campisi & Silvia Muzzioli & Fabio Tramontana, 2021. "Uncertainty about fundamental, pessimistic and overconfident traders: a piecewise-linear maps approach," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 44(2), pages 707-726, December.
    3. Sushko, Iryna & Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Avrutin, Viktor, 2015. "Symmetry breaking in a bull and bear financial market model," Chaos, Solitons & Fractals, Elsevier, vol. 79(C), pages 57-72.
    4. Jungeilges, Jochen & Maklakova, Elena & Perevalova, Tatyana, 2021. "Asset price dynamics in a “bull and bear market”," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 117-128.
    5. Tramontana, Fabio & Sushko, Iryna & Avrutin, Viktor, 2015. "Period adding structure in a 2D discontinuous model of economic growth," Applied Mathematics and Computation, Elsevier, vol. 253(C), pages 262-273.

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