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On the complicated price dynamics of a simple one-dimensional discontinuous financial market model with heterogeneous interacting traders

Author

Listed:
  • Fabio Tramontana

    () (Department of Economics, University of Ancona, Italy)

  • Frank Westerhoff

    () (University of Bamberg)

  • Laura Gardini

    () (Department of Economics and Quantitative Methods, University of Urbino, Italy)

Abstract

We develop a financial market model with heterogeneous interacting agents: market makers adjust prices with respect to excess demand, chartists believe in the persistence of bull and bear markets and fundamentalists bet on mean reversion. Moreover, speculators trade asymmetrically in over and undervalued markets and while some of them determine the size of their orders via linear trading rules others always trade the same amount of assets. The dynamics of our model is driven by a one-dimensional discontinuous map. Despite the simplicity of our model, analytical, graphical and numerical analysis reveals a surprisingly rich set of interesting dynamical behaviors.

Suggested Citation

  • Fabio Tramontana & Frank Westerhoff & Laura Gardini, 2010. "On the complicated price dynamics of a simple one-dimensional discontinuous financial market model with heterogeneous interacting traders," Working Papers 1005, University of Urbino Carlo Bo, Department of Economics, Society & Politics - Scientific Committee - L. Stefanini & G. Travaglini, revised 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:urb:wpaper:10_05
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:spr:joevec:v:27:y:2017:i:5:d:10.1007_s00191-017-0504-x is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Roberto Dieci & Frank Westerhoff, 2012. "A simple model of a speculative housing market," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 22(2), pages 303-329, April.
    3. Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Gardini, Laura, 2013. "The bull and bear market model of Huang and Day: Some extensions and new results," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(11), pages 2351-2370.
    4. in ׳t Veld, Daan, 2016. "Adverse effects of leverage and short-selling constraints in a financial market model with heterogeneous agents," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 45-67.
    5. Ingrid Kubin & Laura Gardini, 2013. "Border collision bifurcations in boom and bust cycles," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 23(4), pages 811-829, September.
    6. Fabio Tramontana & Laura Gardini & Frank Westerhoff, 2011. "Heterogeneous Speculators and Asset Price Dynamics: Further Results from a One-Dimensional Discontinuous Piecewise-Linear Map," Computational Economics, Springer;Society for Computational Economics, vol. 38(3), pages 329-347, October.
    7. Schmitt, Noemi & Tuinstra, Jan & Westerhoff, Frank, 2017. "Side effects of nonlinear profit taxes in an evolutionary market entry model: Abrupt changes, coexisting attractors and hysteresis problems," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 135(C), pages 15-38.
    8. Fabio Tramontana & Frank Westerhoff & Laura Gardini, 2014. "One-dimensional maps with two discontinuity points and three linear branches: mathematical lessons for understanding the dynamics of financial markets," Decisions in Economics and Finance, Springer;Associazione per la Matematica, vol. 37(1), pages 27-51, April.
    9. Mihaela Nicolau, 2010. "Practitioners' Tools in Analysing Financial Markets Evolution," Acta Universitatis Danubius. OEconomica, Danubius University of Galati, issue 3(3), pages 83-104, August.
    10. Fabio Dercole & Davide Radi, 2014. "Does the "uptick rule" stabilize the stock market? Insights from Adaptive Rational Equilibrium Dynamics," Papers 1405.7747, arXiv.org.
    11. Weihong Huang & Huanhuan Zheng & Wai-Mun Chia, 2013. "Asymmetric returns, gradual bubbles and sudden crashes," The European Journal of Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(5), pages 420-437, May.
    12. Tramontana, Fabio & Westerhoff, Frank & Gardini, Laura, 2015. "A simple financial market model with chartists and fundamentalists: Market entry levels and discontinuities," Mathematics and Computers in Simulation (MATCOM), Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 16-40.
    13. Schmitt, Noemi & Westerhoff, Frank, 2014. "Speculative behavior and the dynamics of interacting stock markets," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 262-288.
    14. Roya Makrooni & Laura Gardini, 2015. "Bifurcation structures in a family of one-dimensional linear-power discontinuous maps," Gecomplexity Discussion Paper Series 7, Action IS1104 "The EU in the new complex geography of economic systems: models, tools and policy evaluation", revised Jan 2015.
    15. Noemi Schmitt & Frank Westerhoff, 2017. "Heterogeneity, spontaneous coordination and extreme events within large-scale and small-scale agent-based financial market models," Journal of Evolutionary Economics, Springer, vol. 27(5), pages 1041-1070, November.
    16. Dick, Christian D. & Menkhoff, Lukas, 2013. "Exchange rate expectations of chartists and fundamentalists," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(7), pages 1362-1383.
    17. Huang, Weihong & Zheng, Huanhuan, 2012. "Financial crises and regime-dependent dynamics," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 445-461.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Financial markets; heterogeneous agents; technical and fundamental analysis; nonlinear dynamics; discontinuous map; bifurcation analysis.;

    JEL classification:

    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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