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The Impact of Interprovincial Migration on Aggregate Output and Labour Productivity in Canada, 1987-2006

  • Andrew Sharpe
  • Jean-Francois Arsenault
  • Daniel Ershov


Interprovincial migration has increased significantly in Canada since 2003. This article develops a methodology to estimate total output gains due to interprovincial migration from two sources: gains due to increased employment, and gains due to re-allocation of workers between provinces with different productivity levels. It estimates that in 2006 the net output gains arising from interprovincial migration were $883.1 million (1997 constant prices), or 0.074 per cent of GDP. Higher employment rates in provinces experiencing a net positive balance of interprovincial migrants were responsible for $398.0 million of the gains and higher output per worker in these provinces was responsible for $485.0 million.

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Article provided by Centre for the Study of Living Standards in its journal International Productivity Monitor.

Volume (Year): 15 (2007)
Issue (Month): (Fall)
Pages: 25-40

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Handle: RePEc:sls:ipmsls:v:15:y:2007:2
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  1. Finnie, Ross, 2001. "The Effects of Inter-provincial Mobility on Individuals' Earnings: Panel Model Estimates for Canada," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 2001163e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
  2. Andrew Sharpe & Jean-Francois Arsenault & Daniel Ershov, 2007. "The Impact of Interprovincial Migration on Aggregate Output and Labour Productivity in Canada, 1987-2006," International Productivity Monitor, Centre for the Study of Living Standards, vol. 15, pages 25-40, Fall.
  3. Grady, Patrick & Macmillan, Kathleen, 2007. "Interprovincial Barriers to Labour Mobility in Canada:Policy, Knowledge Gaps and Research Issues," MPRA Paper 2988, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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