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Traffic Accidents in Switzerland: How Hazardous are "High Risk" Groups? An Analysis Based on Police Protocols

Author

Listed:
  • Thomas Gautschi
  • Dominik Hangartner
  • Aline Bütikofer

Abstract

By January 1, 2005, Switzerland reduced the legal level of blood–alcohol concentration while driving from 0.8h to 0.5h. This happend on basis of the assumptions that more restrictive per mil levels increase road safety. The benefit of lower blood–alcohol levels, however, depends on whether drinking drivers indeed pose a risk for themselves and other road users. Analyses using official data of all 84'437 two–car crashes during 2001–2005 indeed show a higher relative risk of drinking to sober drivers. And, we also find evidence that prejudices against drivers with an Eastern European citizenship, contrary to recent newspaper articles, are groundless.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Gautschi & Dominik Hangartner & Aline Bütikofer, 2007. "Traffic Accidents in Switzerland: How Hazardous are "High Risk" Groups? An Analysis Based on Police Protocols," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 143(IV), pages 397-424, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ses:arsjes:2007-iv-2
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. W. Kip Viscusi, 2004. "The Value of Life: Estimates with Risks by Occupation and Industry," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 29-48, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Traffics accidents; drinking; statistical modelling; estimation of risk;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C81 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Methodology for Collecting, Estimating, and Organizing Microeconomic Data; Data Access
    • K41 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Litigation Process
    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise

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