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Transport Impacts of Clustered Development in Beijing: Compact Development versus Overconcentration

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  • Jiawen Yang
  • Qing Shen
  • Jinzhen Shen
  • Canfei He

Abstract

This research aims to inform the compact city discussion with a case study of Beijing, where urban planning has emphasised clustered suburban development in the past half-century. It uses three decades of census data to describe Beijing’s spatial development trajectory and a household survey to assess its transport impacts. The research reveals an overconcentration of urban activities as a result of the featureless expansion of the central built-up area and the absorption of the suburban clusters; and, a lengthened commuting time stemming from the observed spatial development pattern. Beijing’s experience adds to the existing literature by informing the search for good city forms in urban areas of high density. It is essential to differentiate compact development from overconcentration when combating sprawling development. Developing and maintaining suburban nodal characteristics around public transit can reduce travel in high-density urban areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Jiawen Yang & Qing Shen & Jinzhen Shen & Canfei He, 2012. "Transport Impacts of Clustered Development in Beijing: Compact Development versus Overconcentration," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 49(6), pages 1315-1331, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:49:y:2012:i:6:p:1315-1331
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    3. Richard D. Alba & John R. Logan, 1992. "Analyzing Locational Attainments," Sociological Methods & Research, , vol. 20(3), pages 367-397, February.
    4. Hatfield, M., 1997. "Concentrations of Poverty and Distressed Neighbourhoods in Canada," Papers w-97-1e, Gouvernement du Canada - Human Resources Development.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Gabriel Ahlfeldt & Elisabetta Pietrostefani, 2017. "The Economic Effects of Density: A Synthesis," CESifo Working Paper Series 6744, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Gabriel M. Ahfeldt & Elisabetta Pietrostefani, 2017. "The Compact City in Empirical Research: A Quantitative Literature Review," SERC Discussion Papers 0215, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    3. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1150-:d:103278 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Yang, Jiawen & Quan, Jige & Yan, Bin & He, Canfei, 2016. "Urban rail investment and transit-oriented development in Beijing: Can it reach a higher potential?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 140-150.
    5. Ahfeldt, Gabriel M. & Pietrostefani, Elisabetta, 2017. "The compact city in empirical research: A quantitative literature review," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83638, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    6. García Castro, David & Elizagarate Gutiérrez, Victoria & Letamendia Galdós, Iñaki & Kazak, Jan, 2014. "Hiriguneko garraio publiko sistemaren eragina hirien bizi kalitatearen hautematean. City marketinaren ikuspuntutik hausnarketa," Revista de Dirección y Administración de Empresas, Universidad del País Vasco - Escuela Universitaria de Estudios Empresariales de San Sebastián.
    7. Shen, Qing & Chen, Peng & Pan, Haixiao, 2016. "Factors affecting car ownership and mode choice in rail transit-supported suburbs of a large Chinese city," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 31-44.
    8. Gabriel M. Ahlfeldt & Elisabetta Pietrostefani, 2017. "The Economic Effects of Density: A Synthesis," SERC Discussion Papers 0210, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    9. Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M. & Pietrostefani, Elisabetta, 2017. "The economic effects of density: A synthesis," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 83628, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    10. Cervero, Robert & Dai, Danielle, 2014. "BRT TOD: Leveraging transit oriented development with bus rapid transit investments," Transport Policy, Elsevier, pages 127-138.

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