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The Effects of Portland's Urban Growth Boundary on Urban Development Patterns and Commuting


  • Myung-Jin Jun

    (Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Chung-Ang University, Ansungsi, Kyunggido, South Korea, mjjurel


This research investigates the effects of Portland's urban growth boundary (UGB) on urban development patterns and mobility. Three different methods are adopted for evaluating Portland's UGB: intermetropolitan comparisons; comparisons inside and outside the UGB; and, statistical analyses utilising regression models. Intermetropolitan comparisons do not support the conclusion that Portland's UGB has been effective in slowing down suburbanisation, enhancing infill development and reducing auto use. A significant level of spillover from the counties in Oregon to Clark County of Washington took place during the 1990s, indicating that the UGB diverted population growth into Clark County. Results from the statistical analyses also support the above findings. The UGB dummy variable was not significant during the 1980s and 1990s, indicating that the UGB had little impact on the location of new housing construction during the 1980s and 1990s. Unlike the UGB, the Clark County dummy variable is significant for both models, supporting the spillover effects of the UGB.

Suggested Citation

  • Myung-Jin Jun, 2004. "The Effects of Portland's Urban Growth Boundary on Urban Development Patterns and Commuting," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 41(7), pages 1333-1348, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:urbstu:v:41:y:2004:i:7:p:1333-1348

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    Cited by:

    1. Mingfei Ma & Ying Jin, 2016. "Does built form matter in a moving urban fringe? Evidence from a Land Use-Transport Interaction (LUTI) model," ERSA conference papers ersa16p203, European Regional Science Association.
    2. Jae Hong Kim, 2013. "Measuring the Containment and Spillover Effects of Urban Growth Boundaries: The Case of the Portland Metropolitan Area," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 44(4), pages 650-675, December.
    3. Xu, Shu-Xian & Liu, Ronghui & Liu, Tian-Liang & Huang, Hai-Jun, 2018. "Pareto-improving policies for an idealized two-zone city served by two congestible modes," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 117(PB), pages 876-891.
    4. Ishak Mohammed & Habib M. Alshuwaikhat & Yusuf A. Adenle, 2016. "An Approach to Assess the Effectiveness of Smart Growth in Achieving Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(4), pages 1-22, April.
    5. Jun Ren & Wei Zhou & Xuelu Liu & Liang Zhou & Jing Guo & Yonghao Wang & Yanjun Guan & Jingtian Mao & Yuhan Huang & Rongrong Ma, 2019. "Urban Expansion and Growth Boundaries in an Oasis City in an Arid Region: A Case Study of Jiayuguan City, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(1), pages 1-21, December.
    6. Seong-Hoon Cho & Seung Gyu Kim & Roland K. Roberts & Dayton M. Lambert & Taeyoung Kim, 2015. "Effects of Land-Related Policies on Land Development during a Real Estate Boom and a Recession," Growth and Change, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 218-232, June.
    7. Achim Ahrens & Seán Lyons, 2019. "Changes in Land Cover and Urban Sprawl in Ireland From a Comparative Perspective Over 1990–2012," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 8(1), pages 1-14, January.
    8. Zhuzhou Zhuang & Kaiyuan Li & Jiaxun Liu & Qianwen Cheng & Yu Gao & Jinxia Shan & Lingyan Cai & Qiuhao Huang & Yanming Chen & Dong Chen, 2016. "China’s New Urban Space Regulation Policies: A Study of Urban Development Boundary Delineations," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 9(1), pages 1-16, December.
    9. Marin V. Geshkov & Joseph S. DeSalvo, 2012. "The Effect Of Land-Use Controls On The Spatial Size Of U.S. Urbanized Areas," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52(4), pages 648-675, October.
    10. repec:gam:jsusta:v:8:y:2016:i:4:p:397:d:68735 is not listed on IDEAS

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