IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Trade and the Industrial Specialization of Canadian Manufacturing Regions, 1974 to 1999


  • W. Mark Brown

    (Statistics Canada, Ottawa,


Using a longitudinal micro data file of manufacturing plants (1974 to 1999), this study tests the relationship between trade and industrial specialization experienced by regional manufacturing economies. Consistent with trade driven by comparative advantage, the analysis demonstrates that export intensity (exports as a share of output) is positively associated with industrial specialization. This association is strongest in cross-section but remains, albeit weaker, when the data are differenced throughout time. The association between trade and specialization is strongest outside of urban areas and Ontario and Quebec, regions where trade is most likely driven by access to resource endowments. The association between trade and specialization weakens significantly after 1990, a period that corresponds with the rapid integration of the Canadian economy into the U.S. market resulting from trade liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • W. Mark Brown, 2008. "Trade and the Industrial Specialization of Canadian Manufacturing Regions, 1974 to 1999," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 31(2), pages 138-158, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:inrsre:v:31:y:2008:i:2:p:138-158

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. S├ębastien Breau & David L. Rigby, 2010. "International trade and wage inequality in Canada," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(1), pages 55-86, January.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sae:inrsre:v:31:y:2008:i:2:p:138-158. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (SAGE Publications). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.