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Canadian Biotechnology Policy: Designing Incentives for a New Technology


  • Jorge Niosi
  • Tomas G Bas


Since the early 1980s Canada has created a set of incentives in order to develop the new biotechnology based on genetic engineering. In the beginning, the emphasis was on agriculture and environmental biotechnology, but already by the late 1980s the focus had changed towards human health products and services. Even if the federal government was the original policymaker, several provinces added their own incentives in order to nurture a local industry. Although policies have been changing in scope and goals, the results have been positive and the country has acquired a certain leadership in several biotechnologies. National and regional innovation systems are the organising framework of this paper as they have proved useful in analysing the institutional canvas of biotechnology.

Suggested Citation

  • Jorge Niosi & Tomas G Bas, 2004. "Canadian Biotechnology Policy: Designing Incentives for a New Technology," Environment and Planning C, , vol. 22(2), pages 233-248, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envirc:v:22:y:2004:i:2:p:233-248

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    Cited by:

    1. Rosenberg-Yunger, Zahava R.S. & Daar, Abdallah S. & Singer, Peter A. & Martin, Douglas K., 2008. "Healthcare sustainability and the challenges of innovation to biopharmaceuticals in Canada," Health Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(3), pages 359-368, September.
    2. Jorge Niosi, 2010. "Building National and Regional Innovation Systems," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 14006, September.

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