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Modeling Cities in 3D: A Cellular Automaton Approach

Author

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  • Lucien Benguigui

    (Solid State Institute and Physics Department, Technion – Israel Institute of Technology, 32000 Haifa, Israel)

  • Daniel Czamanski
  • Rafael Roth

Abstract

This paper presents a quasi-3D cellular automaton (CA) simulation model of cities. A 2D CA model includes a cell attribute that represents building height information. Dynamic processes are depicted using four parameters: initial building coverage, interaction with adjacent neighborhood, inertia, and noise. These parameters can assume simple economic interpretation. Some combinations of values of the parameters result in cities that experience paths of convergent growth. Some values lead to cities that experience phase transitions. We suggest a typology of resulting urban patterns and note the emergence of spatial clusters of high-rise buildings.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucien Benguigui & Daniel Czamanski & Rafael Roth, 2008. "Modeling Cities in 3D: A Cellular Automaton Approach," Environment and Planning B, , vol. 35(3), pages 413-430, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:envirb:v:35:y:2008:i:3:p:413-430
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    Cited by:

    1. Daniel Czamanski & Rafael Roth, 2011. "Characteristic time, developers’ behavior and leapfrogging dynamics of high-rise buildings," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 46(1), pages 101-118, February.
    2. Yanyan Xu & Miao Liu & Yuanman Hu & Chunlin Li & Zaiping Xiong, 2019. "Analysis of Three-Dimensional Space Expansion Characteristics in Old Industrial Area Renewal Using GIS and Barista: A Case Study of Tiexi District, Shenyang, China," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(7), pages 1-1, March.
    3. Czamanski, Daniel & Broitman, Dani, 2017. "Information and communication technology and the spatial evolution of mature cities," Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 30-38.
    4. Guan, ChengHe, 2019. "Spatial distribution of high-rise buildings and its relationship to public transit development in Shanghai," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 371-380.

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