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Entrepreneurial Intentions Amongst Students In Diverse Cultural Contexts


  • Renata Dana NIÞU-ANTONIE
  • Emõke-Szidónia FEDER


The current study aimed to identify the determinants of entrepreneurial intentions, based on the TPB framework, for 270 students from 9 different countries with different cultural characteristics. Structural equation modelling was used for primary data analysis. The obtained empirical results indicated that entrepreneurial intentions amongst students are influenced directly and positively by personal attitude and perceived behavioural control. These motivational factors mediate the causal relationship between subjective norms and entrepreneurial intentions, whereas subjective norms exert a stronger effect on personal attitude and perceived behavioural control in the less individualistic country. The attained empirical results converge to the idea that the TPB model is applicable in different cultural contexts, being necessary national programmes and measures to encourage entrepreneurial intentions and behaviours that consider cultural values, with potential positive effects on economic growth and on the labour market. The comprehended research took in consideration a single cultural dimension (collectivism versus individualism) and only from certain regions from the countries included in the panel, thus not permitting to generalise the obtained empirical results.

Suggested Citation

  • Renata Dana NIÞU-ANTONIE & Emõke-Szidónia FEDER, 2017. "Entrepreneurial Intentions Amongst Students In Diverse Cultural Contexts," Business Excellence and Management, Faculty of Management, Academy of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 7(1), pages 14-27, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:bemann:v:7:y:2017:i:1:p:14-27

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kolvereid, Lars & Isaksen, Espen, 2006. "New business start-up and subsequent entry into self-employment," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 21(6), pages 866-885, November.
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    4. BALTADOR Lia-Alexandra, 2016. "Sustainability - Why Culture Matters - A Comparative Study Between Moldavian And Romanian Approach On Sustainable Development," Revista Economica, Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 68(4), pages 20-32, December.
    5. KruegerJR, Norris F. & Reilly, Michael D. & Carsrud, Alan L., 2000. "Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 15(5-6), pages 411-432.
    6. Alain Fayolle & B. Gailly & N. Lassas-Clerc, 2006. "Assessing the Impact of Entrepreneurship Education Programmes: A New Methodology," Post-Print halshs-00133044, HAL.
    7. Arminda Paço & João Ferreira & Mário Raposo & Ricardo Rodrigues & Anabela Dinis, 2011. "Behaviours and entrepreneurial intention: Empirical findings about secondary students," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 9(1), pages 20-38, March.
    8. Alexei Tkachev & Lars Kolvereid, 1999. "Self-employment intentions among Russian students," Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 11(3), pages 269-280, July.
    9. Nurdan Ozaralli & Nancy K. Rivenburgh, 2016. "Entrepreneurial intention: antecedents to entrepreneurial behavior in the U.S.A. and Turkey," Journal of Global Entrepreneurship Research, Springer;UNESCO Chair in Entrepreneurship, vol. 6(1), pages 1-32, December.
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