Barriers to Innovation and Subsidy Effectiveness
We explore the effects of subsidies by means of a model of firmsï¿• decisions about performing R&D when some government support can be expected. We estimate it with data on about 2,000 performing and nonperforming Spanish manufacturing firms. We compute the subsidies required to induce R&D spending,we detect the firms that would cease to perform R&D without subsidies, and assess the change in the privately financed effort. Results suggest that subsidies stimulate R&D and some firms would stop performing in their absence,b ut most actual subsidies go to firms that would have performed R&D otherwise. We find no crowding out of private funds.
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Volume (Year): 36 (2005)
Issue (Month): 4 (Winter)
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