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The Relationship between R&D Collaboration, Subsidies and Patenting Activity: Empirical Evidence from Finland and Germany


  • Fier, Andreas
  • Ebersberger, Bernd
  • Czarnitzki, Dirk


This study focuses on the impact of innovation policies and R&D collaboration in Germany and Finland. We consider collaboration and subsidies as heterogeneous treatments, and perform an econometric matching to analyze R&D and patent activity at the firm level. In general, we find that collaboration has positive effects. In Germany, subsidies for individual research do not exhibit a significant impact neither on R&D nor patenting, but the innovative performance could be improved by additional incentives for collaboration. For Finnish companies, public funding is an important source of finance for R&D. Without subsidies, recipients would show less R&D and patenting activity, whilst those firms not receiving subsidies would perform significantly better if they were publicly funded.

Suggested Citation

  • Fier, Andreas & Ebersberger, Bernd & Czarnitzki, Dirk, 2006. "The Relationship between R&D Collaboration, Subsidies and Patenting Activity: Empirical Evidence from Finland and Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 04-37 [rev.], ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:7178

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Mairesse, Jacques & Mohnen, Pierre, 2010. "Using Innovation Surveys for Econometric Analysis," Handbook of the Economics of Innovation, Elsevier.
    2. Hanna Hottenrott & Cindy Lopes-Bento, 2015. "Quantity or quality? Knowledge alliances and their effects on patenting," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 24(5), pages 981-1011.
    3. Bettina Peters & Rebecca Riley & Iulia Siedschlag & Priit Vahter & John McQuinn, 2018. "Internationalisation, Innovation And Productivity In Services:Evidence From Germany, Ireland And The United Kingdom," University of Tartu - Faculty of Economics and Business Administration Working Paper Series 108, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, University of Tartu (Estonia).
    4. Tommy Clausen, 2008. "Do subsidies have positive impacts on R&D and innovation activities at the firm level?," Working Papers on Innovation Studies 20070615, Centre for Technology, Innovation and Culture, University of Oslo.
    5. LOPES BENTO Cindy & HOTTENROTT Hanna, 2012. "Quantity or Quality? Collaboration Strategies in Research and Development and Incentives to Patent," LISER Working Paper Series 2012-29, LISER.
    6. Fier, Andreas & Aschhoff, Birgit & Löhlein, Heide, 2006. "Detecting Behavioural Additionality: An Empirical Study on the Impact of Public R&D Funding on Firms' Cooperative Behaviour in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 06-037, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. Rahel Falk, 2006. "Measuring the Effects of Public Support Schemes on Firms' Innovation Activities. Survey Evidence from Austria," WIFO Working Papers 267, WIFO.
    8. Ronald Bachmann & Dirk Engel & Maren Michaelsen, 2008. "Geht Auftragsforschung zu Lasten des wissenschaftlichen Outputs? – Eine Analyse anhand der Daten einer Befragung öffentlicher Forschungseinrichtungen in NRW," RWI Materialien, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 21, December.
    9. Ebersberger, Bernd & Lööf, Hans, 2004. "Multinational Enterprises, Spillovers, Innovation and Productivity," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 22, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    10. repec:zbw:rwimat:047 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    R&D; Public Subsidies; Collaboration; Policy Evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy


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