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Informalidad y movilidad en el mercado laboral: una aproximación de pseudo-panel

Author

Listed:
  • Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo

    () (Universidad EAFIT, Medellin, Colombia and IZA, Bonn, Germany.)

  • A. Urrego, Joaquin

    () (The World Bank, Washington DC, USA.)

  • Saavedra, Fabiola

    () (Universidad EAFIT, Medellín, Colombia)

Abstract

Una de las principales limitaciones del análisis del mercado laboral en los países en desarrollo es la falta de información apropiada de datos de panel. Este documento extiende la metodología de Dang et al., (2014) para examinar la movilidad en el mercado laboral entre los sectores formal e informal en Bolivia y Colombia, construyendo un pseudo-panel consistente a partir de datos de encuestas de corte transversal repetidas. Después de poner a prueba la robustez de la metodología, identificamos los intervalos de confianza de los grupos de movilidad en Bolivia y Colombia (formal a formal, informal a informal, formal a informal e informal a formal). Los resultados proveen evidencia de que en Colombia y Bolivia la movilidad entre los sectores laborales es relativamente baja, lo cual explica la baja variabilidad de la tasa de informalidad en estos países. Los resultados sugieren que el número de personas que se mueven al sector informal tiende a ser más grande que la cantidad de trabajadores que escapan del mercado informal hacia el formal, o por lo menos existe más variabilidad entre años para los primeros. Esto implica que las políticas públicas enfocadas en el mercado laboral en América Latina no llevarían a mejoras significativas si los patrones de movilidad no cambian.

Suggested Citation

  • Canavire-Bacarreza, Gustavo & A. Urrego, Joaquin & Saavedra, Fabiola, 2017. "Informalidad y movilidad en el mercado laboral: una aproximación de pseudo-panel," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 27, pages 57-76, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:revlde:1945
    as

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    File URL: http://www.iisec.ucb.edu.bo/assets/publicacion/Revista-Latinoamerica27-58-77.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bosch, Mariano & Goni, Edwin & Maloney, William, 2007. "The determinants of rising informality in Brazil : Evidence from gross worker flows," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4375, The World Bank.
    2. Bosch, Mariano & Maloney, William F., 2010. "Comparative analysis of labor market dynamics using Markov processes: An application to informality," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(4), pages 621-631, August.
    3. repec:aru:wpaper:201104 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Meghir, Costas & Pistaferri, Luigi, 2011. "Earnings, Consumption and Life Cycle Choices," Handbook of Labor Economics, Elsevier.
    5. Luis Armando Galvis A., 2012. "Informalidad laboral en las áreas urbanas de Colombia," COYUNTURA ECONÓMICA, FEDESARROLLO, June.
    6. Schneider, Friedrich, 2004. "The Size of the Shadow Economies of 145 Countries all over the World: First Results over the Period 1999 to 2003," IZA Discussion Papers 1431, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    7. Rauch, James E., 1991. "Modelling the informal sector formally," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(1), pages 33-47, January.
    8. José Ignacio Uribe & Carlos Humberto Ortiz & Gustavo Adolfo García, 2007. "La segmentación del mercado laboral colombiano en la década de los noventa," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 9(16), pages 189-221, January-J.
    9. Fabián Slonimczyk & Vladimir Gimpelson, 2015. "Informality and mobility," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 23(2), pages 299-341, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Movilidad; informalidad; pseudo-panel; trabajo; Bolivia; Colombia.;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C83 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Data Collection and Data Estimation Methodology; Computer Programs - - - Survey Methods; Sampling Methods
    • J46 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Informal Labor Market

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