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Agricultura y empleo rural agropecuario en Bolivia. Consecuencias del control de precios en el sector agropecuario


  • Vera, Diego Alejandro

    () (Universidad de Chile)


Los controles de precios son medidas que pueden afectar considerablemente a los sectores sujetos a dichas políticas. Mediante un modelo de equilibrio general dinámico estocástico con dos tipos de agentes: campesinos y citadinos, calibrado para Bolivia, se muestra que, ante caídas en la productividad del sector agropecuario, el empleo rural agropecuario y la producción agropecuaria se ven mermadas cuando existen controles de precios. Asimismo, mejoras de productividad en el sector rural no agropecuario representan menores ganancias con precios fijos en relación a un mecanismo que permita que los precios se ajusten. En una simulación de las políticas realizadas en 2009 en Bolivia se encuentra que éstas generan desequilibrios en los mercados, provocando escasez de los productos agropecuarios en magnitudes considerables.

Suggested Citation

  • Vera, Diego Alejandro, 2012. "Agricultura y empleo rural agropecuario en Bolivia. Consecuencias del control de precios en el sector agropecuario," Revista Latinoamericana de Desarrollo Economico, Instituto de Investigaciones Socio-Económicas (IISEC), Universidad Católica Boliviana, issue 17, pages 113-134, Mayo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:revlde:1704

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Bardhan, Pranab & Udry, Christopher, 1999. "Development Microeconomics," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198773719.
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    More about this item


    Control de precios; empleo rural; agricultura;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q11 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Aggregate Supply and Demand Analysis; Prices
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies


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