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Employees’ Compensation Share in Italy - La quota del reddito da lavoro dipendente in Italia (1965-2000)

Author

Listed:
  • Lavanda, Italo

    () (Università di Genova, Facoltà di Giurisprudenza, Dipartimento G.L.M. Casaregi)

Abstract

The trend followed by the aggregate share of value added received by employees can be influenced by changes in their bargaining power, which allow them to take advantage of increases in productivity. Others factors, however, can contribute to determine that trend. The share of employees’ compensation can be modified by changes both in the labour requirement per unit of output and the share of employees in the number of workers, and by changes in intermediate and final demand modifying the industry mix. These effects can be evaluated, following Dietzenbacher et al. (2004), by using an approach known as Structural Decomposition Analysis, requiring the use of constant price input-output tables. If we do not consider the public sector, in Italy in the years 1965-2000 the trend of the share of value added obtained by employees seems to have been determined only in part by the effects of changes of workers’ bargaining power: sometimes the effects of changes in the structure of employment seem to be equally important and changes in demand seem to play a decisive role. - L’andamento della quota aggregata del reddito da lavoro dipendente sul valore aggiunto può essere influenzata non solo da cambiamenti della forza contrattuale dei lavoratori, che nel tempo possono appropriarsi in misura diversa degli aumenti di produttività, ma anche da altri fattori: mutamenti nell’occupazione, come la quota dei lavoratori dipendenti sugli occupati ed il fabbisogno di lavoro per unità di prodotto, e cambiamenti della struttura della domanda, che possono modificare il peso in termini di occupazione delle diverse industrie. Questi effetti possono essere colti, seguendo Dietzenbacher et al. (2004), usando un approccio conosciuto come Structural Decomposition Analysis, che prevede l’impiego di tavole input-output a prezzi costanti. Se non si considerano il settore pubblico e la locazione di fabbricati, per l’Italia negli anni 1965-2000 l’andamento della quota del reddito ottenuto dai lavoratori dipendenti risulta determinata solo in parte dalla forza contrattuale dei lavoratori. Talora altrettanto importanti risultano i cambiamenti nella struttura dell’occupazione e complessivamente i cambiamenti della domanda giocano un ruolo decisivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Lavanda, Italo, 2012. "Employees’ Compensation Share in Italy - La quota del reddito da lavoro dipendente in Italia (1965-2000)," Economia Internazionale / International Economics, Camera di Commercio Industria Artigianato Agricoltura di Genova, vol. 65(1), pages 55-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:ecoint:0638
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Erik Dietzenbacher & Alex R. Hoen & Bart Los, 2000. "Labor Productivity in Western Europe 1975–1985: An Intercountry, Interindustry Analysis," Journal of Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 40(3), pages 425-452, August.
    2. Erik Dietzenbacher & Bart Los, 1998. "Structural Decomposition Techniques: Sense and Sensitivity," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 10(4), pages 307-324.
    3. Hoekstra, Rutger & van den Bergh, Jeroen C. J. M., 2003. "Comparing structural decomposition analysis and index," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(1), pages 39-64, January.
    4. Giorgio Rampa, 2008. "Using Weighted Least Squares to Deflate Input-Output Tables," Economic Systems Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 259-276.
    5. de Boer, Paul, 2009. "Generalized Fisher index or Siegel-Shapley decomposition?," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(5), pages 810-814, September.
    6. Jan Oosterhaven & Alex R. Hoen, 1998. "original: Preferences, technology, trade and real income changes in the European Union An intercountry decomposition analysis for 1975-1985," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 32(4), pages 505-524.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Structural Decomposition Analysis; Income Distribution;

    JEL classification:

    • C67 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Input-Output Models

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