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Menace de débauchage et incitation des multinationales à la formation de la main-d’oeuvre dans les pays hôtes : un modèle théorique

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  • Hammoudi, Abdelhakim

    (ERMES/Université Paris II et LORIA/INRA)

  • Hatit, Wadii

    (ERMES/Université Paris II et LORIA/INRA)

Abstract

The paper analyses the incentive to train of a multinational which decides to invest in a host country when a poaching threat exists from a potential local entrant. We give the multinational the possibility to choose the number of trained workers and model the proportion of the poached workers using a friction function depending on the salaries gap proposed by the two firms and the degree of labour mobility in the host country. We show how the renunciation to the training strategy by the multinational may constitute an entry barrier to the local firm. We also demonstrate that an increase of labour mobility degree do not systematically reduce the multinational’s incentive to train. L’article analyse si une multinationale, qui décide d’investir dans un pays hôte, fera de la formation quand existe une menace de débauchage exercée par un entrant local potentiel. Nous donnons à la multinationale la possibilité de choisir l’effectif des salariés à former et nous modélisons la proportion des salariés formés et débauchés par une fonction de friction qui dépend des salaires proposés par les deux firmes et du degré de mobilité de la main-d’oeuvre dans le pays hôte. Nous montrons comment la renonciation par la multinationale à la formation peut constituer une barrière à l’entrée pour la firme locale. Nous montrons par ailleurs que l’accroissement du degré de mobilité de la main-d’oeuvre ne réduit pas systématiquement l’incitation de la multinationale à la formation.

Suggested Citation

  • Hammoudi, Abdelhakim & Hatit, Wadii, 2008. "Menace de débauchage et incitation des multinationales à la formation de la main-d’oeuvre dans les pays hôtes : un modèle théorique," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 84(2), pages 179-204, juin.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:84:y:2008:i:2:p:179-204
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    1. Yasuyuki Todo & Koji Miyamoto, 2002. "Knowledge Diffusion From Multinational Enterprises: The Role of Domestic and Foreign Knowledge-Enhancing Activities," OECD Development Centre Working Papers 196, OECD Publishing.
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    3. Fosfuri, Andrea & Motta, Massimo & Ronde, Thomas, 2001. "Foreign direct investment and spillovers through workers' mobility," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 205-222, February.
    4. Horstmann, Ignatius J & Markusen, James R, 1987. "Strategic Investments and the Development of Multinationals," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(1), pages 109-121, February.
    5. Kenneth Arrow, 1962. "Economic Welfare and the Allocation of Resources for Invention," NBER Chapters,in: The Rate and Direction of Inventive Activity: Economic and Social Factors, pages 609-626 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Cooper, David P., 2001. "Innovation and reciprocal externalities: information transmission via job mobility," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 403-425, August.
    7. Henriques, Irene, 1990. "Cooperative and Noncooperative R&D in Duopoly with Spillovers: Comment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 80(3), pages 638-640, June.
    8. Hakim HAMMOUDI & Wadii HATIT, 2006. "L'Investissement Des Multinationales Dans La Formation Du Capital Humain Des Pays En Développement Est-Il Toujours Souhaitable ?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 24, pages 195-212.
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