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Imperfection du marché du capital et investissement des exploitations agricoles

  • Benjamin, Catherine

    (INRA, Unité d’Économie et Sociologie Rurales)

  • Phimister, Euan

    (Department of Economics, University of Aberdeen)

This article looks for the determinants of the investment decisions for French farmers in presence of imperfections of the capital market. The access constraints to the credit market which seems to play a growing role in France are taken into account by integrating transaction costs associated with borrowings and by defining restrictions on credit. One result of the model is that it is necessary to differentiate farms according to their borrowing behaviour to understand the variations of the rate of investment. This model has been tested and estimated with french farm level panel data using Generalised Method of Moments. The results indicate that the model using the perfect capital market assumption is rejected. In contrast, the equations using the sample selection rule from the theoretical model are not rejected for big farms and for farms which are conducted by farm operators who have a high general education level. Le but de notre article est de rechercher les déterminants des décisions d’investissement des exploitants agricoles français en présence d’imperfections du marché du capital. Les contraintes d’accès au marché du crédit qui semblent jouer un rôle croissant en France sont prises en compte en intégrant des coûts de transaction associés aux emprunts et en définissant un plafond d’endettement. L’introduction de ces imperfections conduit à la simultanéité entre les décisions financières et les décisions d’investissement de l’exploitation. Un des résultats du modèle est de montrer que, pour comprendre les variations du taux d’investissement, il est nécessaire de différencier les exploitations ayant contracté des emprunts sur deux années successives. Le modèle est estimé sur données de panel en utilisant la méthode des moments généralisés. Le modèle n’est pas rejeté par les données pour le sous-échantillon des exploitations où le chef d’exploitation a une formation générale, le sous-échantillon des grandes exploitations.

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Article provided by Société Canadienne de Science Economique in its journal L'Actualité économique.

Volume (Year): 77 (2001)
Issue (Month): 3 (septembre)
Pages: 357-383

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Handle: RePEc:ris:actuec:v:77:y:2001:i:3:p:357-383
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  1. R. Glenn Hubbard & Anil K. Kashyap, 1991. "Internal net worth and the investment process: an application to U.S. agriculture," Working Paper Series, Macroeconomic Issues 91-27, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago.
  2. Huntley Schaller, 1993. "Asymmetric Information, Liquidity Constraints and Canadian Investment," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(3), pages 552-74, August.
  3. Behrman, Jere R & Foster, Andrew & Rosenzweig, Mark R, 1997. "Dynamic Savings Decisions in Agricultural Environments with Incomplete Markets," Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, American Statistical Association, vol. 15(2), pages 282-92, April.
  4. Stiglitz, Joseph E & Weiss, Andrew, 1981. "Credit Rationing in Markets with Imperfect Information," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(3), pages 393-410, June.
  5. Elhorst, J Paul, 1993. "The Estimation of Investment Equations at the Farm Level," European Review of Agricultural Economics, Foundation for the European Review of Agricultural Economics, vol. 20(2), pages 167-82.
  6. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & BRUCE C. PETERSEN, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
  7. Ralph Bierlen & Allen M. Featherstone, 1998. "Fundamental q, Cash Flow, and Investment: Evidence from Farm Panel Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 80(3), pages 427-435, August.
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