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Estructuración de un Clúster Marítimo basado en Conocimiento: Aportaciones del Análisis de redes en una región de turismo

  • Hugo Pinto
  • Ana Rita Cruz

Abstract: The notion of maritime cluster encompasses a diversity of activities from fisheries, aquaculture, transports to coastal tourism or even science-based activities. This article debates the possibilities to consolidate the maritime cluster as one of the driving forces of the Algarve, a Portuguese region internationally recognized by tourism. This cluster did not emerge spontaneously and several policy initiatives to promote its formalization were being developed. The regional actors are not sure about the organizations that can be mediators in the cluster. Using social network analysis the maritime cluster is mapped, identifying central actors and possible structural holes. Policy implications are underlined. Resumen: El concepto de cluster marítimo abarca una diversidad de actividades, desde pesca, acuicultura y turismo costero, transporte hasta actividades científicas. Este artículo discute posibilidades de consolidación del sector marítimo como una de las fuerzas motrices del Algarve, una región portuguesa reconocida internacionalmente por el turismo. El cluster no surgió de manera espontánea y varias iniciativas políticas para promover su formalización se están elaborando. Los principales actores regionales no están seguros acerca de las organizaciones que pueden ser mediadores en este sector. Utilizando el análisis de redes sociales se determinan actores centrales y posibles agujeros estructurales. Implicaciones políticas son subrayadas.

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Article provided by Universidades Públicas de Andalucía in its journal Revista de Estudios Regionales.

Volume (Year): 03 (2012)
Issue (Month): ()
Pages: 101-118

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Handle: RePEc:rer:articu:v:03:y:2012:p:101-118
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  1. Michael Porter, 2003. "The Economic Performance of Regions," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(6-7), pages 549-578.
  2. Michael Fritsch & Martina Kauffeld-Monz, 2008. "The impact of network structure on knowledge transfer: An application of social network analysis in the context of regional innovation networks," Jena Economic Research Papers 2008-036, Friedrich-Schiller-University Jena, Max-Planck-Institute of Economics.
  3. Doloreux, David & Shearmur, Richard, 2009. "Maritime clusters in diverse regional contexts: The case of Canada," Marine Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 520-527, May.
  4. Anne Ter Wal & Ron Boschma, 2009. "Applying social network analysis in economic geography: framing some key analytic issues," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer, vol. 43(3), pages 739-756, September.
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