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Determinants of Equity Share Prices in India: A Panel Data Approach


  • P. Srinivasan

    () (Faculty of Economics, Christ University, Bangalore, Karnataka, India)


The present study examines the fundamental determinants of share price in India. The study employs panel data consisting of annual time series data over the period 2006-2011 and cross-section data pertaining to 6 major sectors of the Indian economy, namely, Heavy and Manufacturing, Pharmaceutical, Energy, IT and ITES, Infrastructure and Banking. The panel data techniques, viz. Fixed Effects model and Random Effects model have been employed to investigate the objective. The empirical results reveal that the dividend per share has a negative and significant impact on the share price of manufacturing, pharmaceutical, energy and infrastructure sectors. These results are consistent with findings of Zahir and Khanna (1982), Malhotra (1987) and Sharma (2011), that dividend has influenced market price of share significantly in negative direction. The evidences show that earning per share and price-earnings ratio are being the crucial determinants of share prices of manufacturing, pharmaceutical sector, energy, infrastructure and commercial banking sectors. The findings indicate that size is being a significant factor in determining the share prices of all sectors under consideration except manufacturing. Moreover, the book value per share positively influences the share prices of pharmaceutical, energy, IT & ITES and Infrastructure. The present study confirms that performance of the fundamental ratios of the industry will be essential and immense helpful to investors and analysts in assessing the better stocks that belong to different industry groups.

Suggested Citation

  • P. Srinivasan, 2012. "Determinants of Equity Share Prices in India: A Panel Data Approach," Romanian Economic Journal, Department of International Business and Economics from the Academy of Economic Studies Bucharest, vol. 15(45), pages 205-228, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:rej:journl:v:15:y:2012:i:46:p:205-228

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Diane Scott Docking & Paul D. Koch, 2005. "Sensitivity Of Investor Reaction To Market Direction And Volatility: Dividend Change Announcements," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 28(1), pages 21-40.
    2. Chaudhary Mohammad Irfan & Mohammed Nishat, 2002. "Key Fundamental Factors and Long-run Price Changes in an Emerging Market-A Case Study of Karachi Stock Exchange (KSE)," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 41(4), pages 517-533.
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    Cited by:

    1. Adebayo G. Oloidi & Patrick O. Adeyeye, 2014. "Determinants of Dividend per Share: Evidence from the Nigerian Stock Exchange," International Journal of Economics and Empirical Research (IJEER), The Economics and Social Development Organization (TESDO), vol. 2(12), pages 496-501, December.

    More about this item


    Fixed Effects Model; Random Effects Model; Fundamental Determinants; Equity Share Prices.;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • G30 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - General
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill


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