Development Agency or Bank? Vision and Strategy of the World Bank in the 50’s and 60’s
Until the late 1960s, the World Bank presented itself as an institution devoted to making sound and directly productive project loans. This paper brings together historical analysis and theories of organization development to reveal that the Bank was unwilling to lend for housing programs not because these were not sound, but because they were geared toward achieving social welfare objectives and were not directly linked to productive investment projects, such as dams, power stations, and railroads. It was not until the late 1960s that the Bank began to take social issues into consideration, rather late compared with other multilateral institutions.
Volume (Year): (2010)
Issue (Month): 1 (March)
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- Hicks, Norman L., 1982. "Sector priorities in meeting basic needs: some statistical evidence," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 10(6), pages 489-499, June.
- Hicks, Norman & Streeten, Paul, 1979. "Indicators of development: The search for a basic needs yardstick," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(6), pages 567-580, June.
- Javed Burki, Shahid & Ul Haq, Mahbub, 1981. "Meeting basic needs: An overview," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 167-182, February.
- Hicks, Norman L., 1979. "Growth vs basic needs: Is there a trade-off?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 7(11-12), pages 985-994.
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