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Zwischen Mitgliedererosion und Ansehensverlust - Die deutschen Gewerkschaften im Umbruch

Author

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  • Hendrik Biebeler
  • Hagen Lesch

Abstract

Mit den Daten des ALLBUS analysiert diese Arbeit Determinanten der westdeutschen Gewerkschaftsmitgliedschaft und diskutiert darauf aufbauend gewerkschaftspolitische Perspektiven. Organisationsgrade und ihre Veraenderungen von 1980 bis 2004 werden zunaechst fuer die Berufsgruppen der Arbeiter, Angestellten und Beamten betrachtet. Eine weitere Untergliederung nach Qualifikationen enthuellt in einem zweiten Schritt spezifische Muster innerhalb der Berufsgruppen. Kleine wie groessere Betriebe sind von der Mitgliedererosion betroffen; lediglich Grossbetriebe mit 4.000 und mehr Mitarbeitern scheinen noch stabile Gewerkschaftsdomaenen zu sein. Logistische Regressionen zeigen, dass die Mitgliedschaft in einer Gewerkschaft von der Betriebsgroesse, der Berufsgruppenzugehoerigkeit sowie von wirtschaftspolitischen Einstellungen abhaengt. Ein neu eingefuehrter Index der Liberalitaet erweist sich als signifikant negativ. Fuer die Gewerkschaftspolitik folgt daraus zweierlei: Zum einen sollten bestehende innerbetriebliche Gewerkschaftsdomaenen ausgebaut, zum anderen muesste den liberaleren wirtschaftspolitischen Einstellungen der Arbeitnehmer Rechnung getragen werden.

Suggested Citation

  • Hendrik Biebeler & Hagen Lesch, 2007. "Zwischen Mitgliedererosion und Ansehensverlust - Die deutschen Gewerkschaften im Umbruch," Industrielle Beziehungen - Zeitschrift fuer Arbeit, Organisation und Management - The German Journal of Industrial Relations, Rainer Hampp Verlag, vol. 14(2), pages 133-153.
  • Handle: RePEc:rai:indbez:doi_10.1688/1862-0035_indb_2007_02_biebeler
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bernd Fitzenberger & Karsten Kohn & Qingwei Wang, 2011. "The erosion of union membership in Germany: determinants, densities, decompositions," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 24(1), pages 141-165, January.
    2. Schnabel Claus & Wagner Joachim, 2008. "The Aging of the Unions in West Germany, 1980–2006," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 228(5-6), pages 497-511, October.
    3. Fitzenberger Bernd & Sommerfeld Katrin, 2016. "A Sequential Decomposition of the Drop in Collective Bargaining Coverage," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 236(1), pages 37-69, February.
    4. Schnabel, Claus, 2012. "Union membership and density: Some (not so) stylized facts and challenges," Discussion Papers 81, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Union Membership; Union Density; Economic Attitudes; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects
    • J52 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation
    • J53 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Labor-Management Relations; Industrial Jurisprudence

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