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Productividad del trabajo en la industria maquiladora del norte de Mexico: Un analisis de convergencia

  • Jorge Eduardo Mendoza Cota

    ()

    (El Colegio de la Frontera Norte)

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    En este estudio se analiza la productividad del trabajo en la industria maquiladora de exportacion por divisiones y por estados, comparando la region de la frontera norte de Mexico con el resto de los estados. Se utiliza un analisis econometrico de panel, partiendo del enfoque de convergencia condicional. Se aprecia una heterogeneidad de la productividad del trabajo, lo que sugiere diferencias regionales en los procesos tecnologicos y en la dotacion del capital. Los estados del centro mostraron una productividad del trabajo superior a la de la frontera norte. No obstante, el valor agregado originado en los estados con mayor productividad laboral fue menor comparado con los estados de la frontera norte. Los calculos econometricos mostraron divergencia en la productividad, sin que se presentaran evidencias estadisticas del impacto de la fuerza de trabajo con mayor calificacion. Al incluir las variables del crecimiento del capital fisico y los salarios reales, los resultados muestran que la productividad del trabajo exhibe una debil tendencia a converger. El coeficiente de los efectos fijos para los estados de Nuevo Leon, Baja California y Chihuahua, indica la existencia de condiciones locales para el crecimiento de la productividad del trabajo.

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    Article provided by Universidad de Guadalajara, Centro Universitario de Ciencias Economico Administrativas, Departamento de Metodos Cuantitativos y Maestria en Economia. in its journal EconoQuantum, Revista de Economia y Negocios.

    Volume (Year): 1 (2004)
    Issue (Month): 1 (Julio-Diciembre)
    Pages: 57-82

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    Handle: RePEc:qua:journl:v:1:y:2004:i:1:p:57-82
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    1. Paul M Romer, 1999. "Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth," Levine's Working Paper Archive 2232, David K. Levine.
    2. Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Growth: With or Without Scale Effects?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(2), pages 139-144, May.
    3. Lucas, Robert Jr., 1988. "On the mechanics of economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 3-42, July.
    4. Barro, R.J., 1989. "Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries," RCER Working Papers 201, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
    5. Raffaele Paci, 1997. "More similar and less equal: Economic growth in the European regions," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 133(4), pages 609-634, December.
    6. Bernard, Andrew B & Jones, Charles I, 1996. "Comparing Apples to Oranges: Productivity Convergence and Measurement across Industries and Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(5), pages 1216-38, December.
    7. Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura & Begoña García-Greciano & José Luis Raymond, 1999. "Regional Convergence in Productivity and Productive Structure: The Spanish Case," International Regional Science Review, , vol. 22(1), pages 35-53, April.
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