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The Proposal Model Of Rational Workforce Assignment In Dokuz Eylul University By Analytic Hierarchy Process Based 0-1 Integer Programming


  • Yilmaz GÖKªEN

    () (Faculty of Business and Economics, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)

  • Hakan AªAN

    () (Izmir Vocational School, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)

  • Onur DOGAN

    () (Izmir Vocational School, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)

  • Mustafa ÜNLÜ

    () (Faculty of Business and Economics, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)

  • Osman PALA

    () (Faculty of Business and Economics, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey)


Production factors include labour, capital, nature and technology in traditional organization management. Nowadays, creativity, innovation and ability can be added to these. Competition is intense both in private and public sectors. Workforce can be said to be the main source enriching the organization and making it complex. What makes the organizational powerful is that talented personnel can make new ideas to be productive by using their creativity. From this point of view workforce productivity is important parameter in organizational efficiency. Workforce productivity in organizations where there are too many employees is primarily related to employ the personnel in a right position. The appointment of employees to work in accordance with their capabilities increase efficiency. This situation makes the structure of the workforce and make the organization be capable of competing with the rivals. The Assignment model of the type of linear programming models is a mathematical method used to match the right person for the right job. The coefficients of the variables in the objective function of the assignment model constitute potential contributions of employees. Factors that make contributions in different types of jobs are different and expert opinion is needed for the evaluation of these factors. In this study, more than 1000 people who work for Dokuz Eylul University as drivers, food handlers, technicians, office workers, securities and servants are taken into consideration. Gender, level of education, the distance from working place, marital status, number of children and tenure of these employees have been included in the analysis. Analytical hierarchy process which is a method of multi-criteria decision-making model has been preferred as a method. Specific criteria have been determined for each occupational group depending on this method. Later, weighted average for these criteria in question have been found. With these values belonging to the personnel, a person’s contribution coefficients have been calculated. These values are used in the assignment model. This model has been solved and evaluated as 0-1 integer programming. Model outputs that have been solved again by using additional constraints like task type and disability conditions and these are compared with the previous figures.

Suggested Citation

  • Yilmaz GÖKªEN & Hakan AªAN & Onur DOGAN & Mustafa ÜNLÜ & Osman PALA, 2016. "The Proposal Model Of Rational Workforce Assignment In Dokuz Eylul University By Analytic Hierarchy Process Based 0-1 Integer Programming," Scientific Bulletin - Economic Sciences, University of Pitesti, vol. 15(2), pages 54-66.
  • Handle: RePEc:pts:journl:y:2016:i:2:p:54-66

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Li, Ninghua & Li, Ling X., 2000. "Modeling staffing flexibility: A case of China," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 124(2), pages 255-266, July.
    2. Daskalaki, S. & Birbas, T. & Housos, E., 2004. "An integer programming formulation for a case study in university timetabling," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 153(1), pages 117-135, February.
    3. Dodin, B. & Elimam, A. A. & Rolland, E., 1998. "Tabu search in audit scheduling," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 106(2-3), pages 373-392, April.
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    More about this item


    Analytical Hierarchy Process; 0-1 integer programming; Assignment Model; Workforce Productivity.;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • M12 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Business Administration - - - Personnel Management; Executives; Executive Compensation


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