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Opportunités d'embauche et carrière

  • Maxime Parodi
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    [fre] L'évolution de la structure sociale n'est pas régulière mais, au contraire, saccadée. Aussi, bien que la proportion de cadres supérieurs ne cesse d'augmenter et celle d'ouvriers de diminuer, il y a des moments plus ou moins favorables pour entrer sur le marché du travail. Or ces différences sont encore repérables des années après l'entrée dans la vie active. Ainsi, en 1997, la cohorte arrivée au début des années quatre-vingt sur le marché du travail comptait moins de cadres supérieurs que celle arrivée à la fin de la décennie. Apparemment, le début de carrière, avec ses facilités et ses dif ficultés, a une influence sur la trajectoire professionnelle, indépendamment du capital scolaire et du capital social. [eng] Job opportunities and career Maxime Parodi The evolution of the social structure appears as stop-and-go move ment which generates discrepancies amongst cohorts. So even if there is still an up-grading — an increase of the proportion of white collars and decrease of the proportion of blue collars — some periods are more propitious than others for entering the labour market. Those cohorts not entering at the right time get benefits from the up-grading even ten years after their entry. For instance the cohort that completed its education in the beginning of the today counts proportion of white collars lower than the one of the cohort that entered the labour market at the end of the 80's. In fact this inequality is the result of a gap in the opportunities offered to each cohort during the first years of their career. It shows that the beginning of career is crucial in France.

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    Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue de l'OFCE.

    Volume (Year): 68 (1999)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 241-254

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    Handle: RePEc:prs:rvofce:ofce_0751-6614_1999_num_68_1_1717
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ofce.1999.1717
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    1. Christian Baudelot & Michel Gollac, 1997. "Le salaire du trentenaire : question d'âge ou de génération ?," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 17-35.
    2. Gérard Forgeot & Jérôme Gautié, 1997. "Insertion professionnelle des jeunes et processus de déclassement," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 53-74.
    3. Gérard Forgeot, 1997. "Les salaires d'embauche des jeunes : l'influence du statut au premier emploi," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 304(1), pages 95-107.
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