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Spécialisation et polyvalence des travailleurs. Une représentation microéconomique

Author

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  • Véronique Janod
  • Xavier Pautrel

Abstract

[eng] Versatility or specialization of workers: amicroeconomic representation. . This paper studies how firms choose their organization of work, i.e. how they assign heterogenous workers to different production tasks. It demonstrates the existence of different strategies of work organization which depend on the workers' ability to acquire new competence byperforming a particular taskandon their ability to benefit from their newly acquired competence in executing another task. We demonstrate (i) that the optimal organization of work depends on the production technology, the productive characteristics of workers and on the labor force com­position, and that (ii) Ohnoian and Taylorian working-time organizations may coexist. [fre] Spécialisation et polyvalence des travailleurs. Une représentation microéconomique. . Nous proposons une représentation microéconomique de l'organisation du travail mise en œuvre par les entreprises, où l'organisation du temps de travail choisie par l'employeur, pour chaque catégorie d'employés, dépend de leurs capacités de spécialisation et de leurs capacités à exploiter des complémentarités informationnelles existant entre les tâches, ces capacités variant selon leur formation scolaire. Nous montrons que (i) l'organisation optimale du travail dépend de la technologie de production utilisée, des capacités productives propres aux différentes catégories de travailleurs et de la composition de la main-d'œuvre de l'entreprise, (ii) que des organisations ohnoienne et taylorienne du temps de travail peuvent coexister.

Suggested Citation

  • Véronique Janod & Xavier Pautrel, 2002. "Spécialisation et polyvalence des travailleurs. Une représentation microéconomique," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 53(3), pages 659-668.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2002_num_53_3_410435
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.2002.410435
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    Cited by:

    1. Boucekkine, Raouf & Crifo, Patricia, 2008. "Human Capital Accumulation And The Transition From Specialization To Multitasking," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 12(03), pages 320-344, June.
    2. Nathalie Greenan & Emmanuelle Walkowiak, 2005. "Informatique, organisation du travail et interactions sociales," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 387(1), pages 35-63.
    3. Crifo, Patricia, 2003. "La modélisation du changement organisationnel : déterminants et conséquences sur le marché du travail," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 79(3), pages 349-365, Septembre.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity

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