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Transferts monétaires "inter vivos" et cycle de vie

  • François-Charles Wolff

[fre] Deux comportements principaux sont avancés en économie pour expliquer les transferts inter vivos versés aux enfants, l'altruisme et l'échange. Si le modèle altruiste est valide, on s'attend à ce qu'un accroissement du revenu du bénéficiaire de l'aide diminue franc pour franc le montant du transfert financier reçu de ses ascendants. Cette propriété de neutralité est testée à partir d'une enquête sur les solidarités familiales entre trois générations adultes. L'analyse distingue les aides reçues par les jeunes de leurs parents de celles reçues par ces derniers de leurs propres parents. Les résultats économétriques, qui mettent en évidence un effet anticompensatoire des montants transmis et une différence des dérivées par rapport aux revenus négative, ne sont pas favorables à l'hypothèse altruiste. [eng] Financial inter vivos transfers over the life-cycle. . Two hypotheses, altruism and exchange, have been suggested in order to explain inter vivos transfers to children. According to the altruistic model, it is expected that redistributing one franc from the donor parent to the recipient child leads to a one franc decrease in parental transfer. This test of transfer-income derivatives is empirically tested using a tri-generational survey about private transfers in France. We successively examine financial transfers from middle-aged parents to young adults and from the elderly to middle-aged adults. The econometric results exhibit uncompensatory effects of bestowed amounts and a negative difference of transfer-income derivatives, therefore casting doubt on the hypothesis of altruistic motives.

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Article provided by Programme National Persée in its journal Revue économique.

Volume (Year): 51 (2000)
Issue (Month): 6 ()
Pages: 1419-1452

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Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_2000_num_51_6_410592
Note: DOI:10.2307/3503028
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.persee.fr/web/revues/home/prescript/revue/reco

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