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Chômage mixte et politiques économiques : un modèle de déséquilibre

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  • Gilbert Cette
  • Dominique Taddei

Abstract

[eng] Mixed unemployment and economic policies. A disequilibrium model. . The works related to the disequilibrium theory often show that the situations of classical unemployment and of Keynesian unemployment coexist on a long-term basis. The following study deals with a theoretical model of mixed unemployment reflecting this coexistence. It analyses the asymmetric relations between the classical and the Keynesian sectors as well as the resulting implications for economic policy. What cornes out is that fine-tuning policies always have a stronger impact than aggregate policies. The highest level of efficiency is obtained by stimulating the supply of firms set in the classical situation, provided that one acts on the non-wage determinants of supply in order not to further depress the outlets for firms set in the Keynesian situation. [fre] Chômage mixte et politiques économiques. Un modèle de déséquilibre. . Les travaux économétriques s'inspirant de la théorie des déséquilibres montrent souvent que les situations de chômage classique et keynésien coexistent de façon durable. La présente étude propose un modèle théorique de chômage mixte qui traduit cette coexistence. Elle analyse les relations asymétriques qu'entretiennent les secteurs classique et keynésien et les implications de politique économique qui en découlent. Il en ressort que les politiques différenciées ont toujours des effets supérieurs aux politiques globales. La plus grande efficacité est obtenue par la stimulation de l'offre des entreprises en situation classique, à la condition de porter sur les déterminants non salariaux de celle-ci, afin de ne pas déprimer davantage les débouchés des entreprises en situation keynésienne.

Suggested Citation

  • Gilbert Cette & Dominique Taddei, 1988. "Chômage mixte et politiques économiques : un modèle de déséquilibre," Revue Économique, Programme National Persée, vol. 39(6), pages 1119-1142.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:reveco:reco_0035-2764_1988_num_39_6_409116
    Note: DOI:10.3406/reco.1988.409116
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sneessens, Henri R., 1987. "Investment and the inflation-unemployment tradeoff in a macroeconomic rationing model with monopolistic competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 781-808, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. Gilbert Cette, 1998. "Durée du travail, boucle prix-salaire et taux de chômage d'équilibre," Revue de l'OFCE, Programme National Persée, vol. 64(1), pages 129-146.

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