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Le dollar incontesté ? Économie politique d’une monnaie internationale

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  • André Cartapanis

Abstract

[eng] The Dollar Unchallenged. Political Economy of an International Currency . After the successful beginnings of the new European currency, the dollar and the euro are in stable and hierarchical position : although many threats on the American economy (current accounts deficits, external indebtedness, dollar's overvaluation), the dollar is unchallenged as top currency and the euro is strong second, especially about peg and reserve functions. Why has the dollar continued to be an unchallenged currency ? To explain this leadership, economic analysis is insufficient. This paper develops the political economy of the international role of the dollar. . Classification JEL : E42, F33 [fre] Après les débuts prometteurs de la nouvelle monnaie européenne, le dollar et l'euro semblent s'être installés dans une configuration stable mais hiérarchisée : le dollar maintient sa place au titre de monnaie internationale incontestée, malgré les menaces qui pèsent sur l'économie américaine (déséquilibres courants, endettement externe, surévaluation du dollar) et l'euro se trouve cantonné à une position de brillant second, surtout si l'on se réfère aux fonctions d'ancrage ou de réserve. Pourquoi le dollar conserve-t-il ce statut de monnaie internationale incontestée ? Une analyse strictement économique ne permet pas d'expliquer cette suprématie, d'où l'intérêt, dans cet article, d'une économie politique de la monnaie internationale. . Classification JEL : E42, F33

Suggested Citation

  • André Cartapanis, 2009. "Le dollar incontesté ? Économie politique d’une monnaie internationale," Revue d'Économie Financière, Programme National Persée, vol. 94(1), pages 135-150.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:recofi:ecofi_0987-3368_2009_num_94_1_5296
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecofi.2009.5296
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter M. Garber, 2005. "An essay on the revived Bretton Woods system," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue Feb.
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    4. Adam S. Posen, 2008. "Why the Euro will Not Rival the Dollar," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(1), pages 75-100, May.
    5. Elias Papaioannou & Richard Portes, 2008. "The international role of the euro: a status report," European Economy - Economic Papers 2008 - 2015 317, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
    6. Menzie Chinn & Jeffrey Frankel, 2008. "Why the Euro Will Rival the Dollar," Panoeconomicus, Savez ekonomista Vojvodine, Novi Sad, Serbia, vol. 55(3), pages 255-278, September.
    7. Paul R. Krugman, 1984. "The International Role of the Dollar: Theory and Prospect," NBER Chapters,in: Exchange Rate Theory and Practice, pages 261-278 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    8. Michael P. Dooley & David Folkerts-Landau & Peter Garber, 2004. "The Revived Bretton Woods System: The Effects of Periphery Intervention and Reserve Management on Interest Rates & Exchange Rates in Center Countries," NBER Working Papers 10332, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/7941 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Cyriac Guillaumin, 2011. "The impact of external shocks on the eurozone: a structural VAR model," Working Papers hal-00610024, HAL.
    2. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Cyriac Guillaumin, 2010. "L'impact des chocs externes sur et dans la zone euro : un modèle VAR structurel," Working Papers hal-00493384, HAL.
    3. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Cyriac Guillaumin, 2011. "The impact of external shocks on the eurozone: a structural VAR model," CEPN Working Papers hal-00610024, HAL.
    4. Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Cyriac Guillaumin, 2010. "L'impact des chocs externes sur et dans la zone euro : un modèle VAR structurel," CEPN Working Papers hal-00493384, HAL.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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