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Dynamique périurbaine et dépenses publiques locales : une analyse en termes de causalité

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  • Marie-Estelle Binet

Abstract

[fre] Dynamique périurbaine et dépenses publiques locales : une analyse en termes de causalité . par Marie-Estelle Binet . Cet article propose une méthodologie économétrique originale afin de tester l'existence de compétition fiscale entre collectivités locales, via la croissance des dépenses publiques locales. Une analyse de la causalité au sens de Granger entre le niveau de population résidentielle et le montant de bien public offert dans une localité est ainsi menée sur un échantillon de 25 communes françaises sur la période 1960-1983. On montre que, pour 8 communes étudiées, le niveau de bien public local précède et influence positivement les choix d'implantation. La croissance résidentielle de ces communes est donc expliquée, en partie, par une stratégie de compétition fiscale. Pour 7 autres communes, la causalité inverse est observée. Elles sont donc caractérisées par un comportement adaptatif. [eng] The Periurban Dynamic and Local Government Expenditure: A Causality Analysis . by Marie-Estelle Binet . This paper proposes new econometric methodology to test for tax competition between local authorities based on greater local government expenditure. A Granger analysis is made of the causality between the residential population level and the sum of public goods available in an area based on a sample of 25 French communes from 1960 to 1983. We show that the amount of local public goods in eight of the communes studied precedes and positively influences residential choices. Residential growth in these communes is hence partially explained by a tax competition strategy. Inverse causality is observed in seven other communes, which hence display adaptive behaviour.

Suggested Citation

  • Marie-Estelle Binet, 2000. "Dynamique périurbaine et dépenses publiques locales : une analyse en termes de causalité," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 146(5), pages 95-111.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_146_5_6130
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6130
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    5. Oates, Wallace E, 1969. "The Effects of Property Taxes and Local Public Spending on Property Values: An Empirical Study of Tax Capitalization and the Tiebout Hypothesis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 77(6), pages 957-971, Nov./Dec..
    6. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
    7. Manuel Arellano & Stephen Bond, 1991. "Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 58(2), pages 277-297.
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