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La régulation macro-économique et sectorielle de la démographie d'entreprises

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  • Jean Bonnet
  • Patricia Renou-Maissant

Abstract

[eng] Macroeconomic and sectoral regulation of the demography of firms by Jean Bonnet and Patricia Renou-Maissant . The purpose of this article is to study the renewal of the productive system in France along two dimensions: a macroeconomic dimension supplemented by a branch analysis. The determinants of the demography of firms at macroeconomic level, captured with a vector autoregressive model, show mat, in the long run, an increase in the unemployment rate and an increase in industrial consumption have a positive effect on the formation of new firms whereas an increase in the volume of allocated credits has a negative effect on the formation of new firms and a positive effect on the number of failures. Regulation at branch level of firms' and plants' entries and exits, analysed with a pooling data model, shows a distinction between concentrated sectors and competitive sectors for which activity and profit are determining variables. [fre] La régulation macro-économique et sectorielle de la démographie d'entreprises par Jean Bonnet et Patricia Renou-M aissant . L'objectif de cet article est d'étudier le renouvellement du tissu productif en France sous deux dimensions : une dimension macroéconomique complétée par une analyse sectorielle. Les déterminants de la démographie d'entreprises à l'échelle macroéconomique appréhendés à partir d'un modèle d'autorégression vectorielle montrent que dans le long terme, l'accroissement du taux de chômage et l'augmentation de la consommation industrielle sont favorables aux créations d'entreprises alors que l'accroissement du volume des crédits distribués a un effet négatif sur les créations et positif sur le nombre des défaillances. La régulation à l'échelle sectorielle des entrées et sorties d'entreprises et d'établissements, analysée à partir d'un modèle de pooling data, fait apparaître une distinction entre les secteurs concentrés et les secteurs concurrentiels pour lesquels les variables d'activité et de profit sont déterminantes.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2000. "La régulation macro-économique et sectorielle de la démographie d'entreprises," Économie et Prévision, Programme National Persée, vol. 145(4), pages 19-40.
  • Handle: RePEc:prs:ecoprv:ecop_0249-4744_2000_num_145_4_6110
    Note: DOI:10.3406/ecop.2000.6110
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Paul Geroski, 1990. "Entry and the dynamics of profit margins," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 54(1), pages 7-21.
    2. Johansen, Soren & Juselius, Katarina, 1990. "Maximum Likelihood Estimation and Inference on Cointegration--With Applications to the Demand for Money," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 52(2), pages 169-210, May.
    3. Josef Brüderl & Talat Mahmood, 1996. "Small Business Mortality in Germany: A Comparison Between Regions and Sectors," CIG Working Papers FS IV 96-20, Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin (WZB), Research Unit: Competition and Innovation (CIG).
    4. repec:adr:anecst:y:1989:i:15-16:p:14 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sims, Christopher A, 1980. "Macroeconomics and Reality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(1), pages 1-48, January.
    6. Luc Marco & Michel Rainelli, 1986. "« Les disparitions de firmes industrielles en France : un modèle économétrique »," Revue d'Économie Industrielle, Programme National Persée, vol. 36(1), pages 1-13.
    7. Nerlove, Marc, 1971. "A Note on Error Components Models," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(2), pages 383-396, March.
    8. Maddala, G S, 1971. "The Use of Variance Components Models in Pooling Cross Section and Time Series Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 39(2), pages 341-358, March.
    9. Michel Didier, 1982. "Crise et concentration du secteur productif," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 144(1), pages 3-12.
    10. Granger, C W J, 1969. "Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 37(3), pages 424-438, July.
    11. Schwalbach, Joachim, 1987. "Entry by diversified firms into German industries," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 5(1), pages 43-49, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mathilde Aubry & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2013. "Business cycle and entrepreneurial behavior using French regional data," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201304, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.
    2. Mathilde Aubry & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2015. "Entrepreneurship and the business cycle: the “Schumpeter” effect versus the “refugee” effect—a French appraisal based on regional data," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 54(1), pages 23-55, January.
    3. Rafik Abdesselam & Jean Bonnet & Patricia Renou-Maissant, 2013. "Typology of the French regional development: revealing the refugee/Schumpeter effects in new-firms startups," Economics Working Paper Archive (University of Rennes 1 & University of Caen) 201333, Center for Research in Economics and Management (CREM), University of Rennes 1, University of Caen and CNRS.

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