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Okun´s Law over the Business Cycle: Does it Change in the EU Countries after the Financial Crisis?


  • Marcel Novák
  • Ľubomír Darmo


The relationship between economic growth and unemployment is well known. The growth of gross domestic product leads to a fall in unemployment and, reversely, its fall is associated with a rise in unemployment. The paper deals with the estimation of Okun's coefficient for EU28 countries between years 2001 and 2014. Additionally, two sub-periods are also analysed. These represent the pre-crisis period 2001-2007 and the post-crisis period 2008-2014. The result shows higher Okun's coefficient in the post-crisis period. Unemployment in that period responded to changes in gross domestic product more sensitively than in the pre-crisis period. As a result, in order to decrease unemployment, lower economic growth was necessary in the post-crisis period compared to the pre-crisis one.

Suggested Citation

  • Marcel Novák & Ľubomír Darmo, 2019. "Okun´s Law over the Business Cycle: Does it Change in the EU Countries after the Financial Crisis?," Prague Economic Papers, Prague University of Economics and Business, vol. 2019(2), pages 235-254.
  • Handle: RePEc:prg:jnlpep:v:2019:y:2019:i:2:id:694:p:235-254
    DOI: 10.18267/j.pep.694

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Edward S. Knotek, 2007. "How useful is Okun's law?," Economic Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Kansas City, vol. 92(Q IV), pages 73-103.
    2. Martin Boďa & Petra Medveďová & Mariana Považanová, 2015. "(A)symetria v Okunovom zákone v štátoch Vyšehradskej skupiny [(A)symmetry in Okun's Law in the Visegrad Group Countries]," Politická ekonomie, University of Economics, Prague, vol. 2015(6), pages 741-758.
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    More about this item


    business cycle; unemployment; Okun's law;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles


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