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Inter-District Inequalities in Social Service Delivery: A Rationalised Approach towards Funds Disbursement

Author

Listed:
  • Muhammad Usman Sikander

    (Centre for Research in Economics and Business, Lahore School of Economics, Lahore)

  • Syed Ahsan Ahmad Shah

    (Centre for Research in Economics and Business, Lahore School of Economics, Lahore)

Abstract

Social sector development in Pakistan has been the focus of researchers over the past decades but coverage of these services still remains limited. Although considerable resources have been allocated for social service delivery, people at large have suffered from existing inequalities in the delivery of these services. Utilising the MICS 2007-08 data set, we look at the prevailing inequalities in access to education, health, and physical infrastructure across the districts of Punjab. We highlight the weaknesses of public institutions in providing social services and acknowledge the contribution of the private sector in improving access to these services. The paper emphasises the need for an adequate allocation of resources by the provincial government to the districts in order to remove the growing inequalities within districts and between districts. An effective approach for funds disbursement from the provinces to the districts should be based on the current level of access to social services. This paper attempts to establish a rationalised methodology for funds distribution at the district level, so that a larger population has access to basic services. The outcome of declining inequality in social service delivery will help the lot of lagging districts, and may limit inter-district migration to some extent.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Usman Sikander & Syed Ahsan Ahmad Shah, 2010. "Inter-District Inequalities in Social Service Delivery: A Rationalised Approach towards Funds Disbursement," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 881-899.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:881-899
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    File URL: http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/PDR/2010/Volume4/881-899.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Banerjee, Abhijit V & Newman, Andrew F, 1993. "Occupational Choice and the Process of Development," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 101(2), pages 274-298, April.
    2. Haroon Jamal & Amir Jahan Khan, 2003. "The Changing Profile of Regional Inequality," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 42(2), pages 113-123.
    3. Ali Cheema & Lyyla Khalid & Manasa Patnam, 2008. "The Geography of Poverty: Evidence from the Punjab," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 13(Special E), pages 163-188, September.
    4. Jonathan Morduch, 1995. "Income Smoothing and Consumption Smoothing," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 9(3), pages 103-114, Summer.
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    Cited by:

    1. Wasim, Summerina & Munir, Kashif, 2017. "Regional Disparity and Decentralization in Pakistan: A Decomposition Analysis," MPRA Paper 83444, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social Sector; Private Sector Participation Inequality; Punjab;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • I14 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Inequality
    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality

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