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Impact of Fiscal Decentralisation on Human Development: A Case Study of Pakistan

Author

Listed:
  • Rashid Mehmood

    (Applied Economics Research Centre, Karachi)

  • Sara Sadiq

    (Applied Economics Research Centre, Karachi)

Abstract

It is often debated among economists whether the efficiency of sub-national governments is different and better for the provision of services than that of national governments. Most of the previous studies show that fiscal transfers increase the responsibilities of sub-national governments and enhance the ability for revenue generation. The main focus of this study is to analyse the relationship between human development and fiscal decentralisation; to find out the channels through which decentralisation stimulates the pace of economic growth and affects the provision of health and education facilities across the provinces. By using econometric time series techniques for empirical analysis, we find that there exists a long-run relationship between fiscal decentralisation and human development along with urbanisation. Results suggest that the effectiveness of fiscal decentralisation can increase human development; it also strengthens the federation by creating harmony among the provinces.

Suggested Citation

  • Rashid Mehmood & Sara Sadiq, 2010. "Impact of Fiscal Decentralisation on Human Development: A Case Study of Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 49(4), pages 513-530.
  • Handle: RePEc:pid:journl:v:49:y:2010:i:4:p:513-530
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Charles M. Tiebout, 1956. "A Pure Theory of Local Expenditures," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 64, pages 416-416.
    2. Salmon, Pierre, 1987. "Decentralisation as an Incentive Scheme," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(2), pages 24-43, Summer.
    3. Yingyi Qian & Barry R. Weingast, 1997. "Federalism as a Commitment to Reserving Market Incentives," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(4), pages 83-92, Fall.
    4. Iftikhar Ahmed & Usman Mustafa & Mahmood Khalid, 2007. "National Finance Commission Awards in Pakistan : A Historical Perspective," Finance Working Papers 22181, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Dan Stegarescu, 2005. "Public sector decentralisation: measurement concepts and recent international trends," Fiscal Studies, Institute for Fiscal Studies, vol. 26(3), pages 301-333, September.
    6. Zhang, Tao & Zou, Heng-fu, 1998. "Fiscal decentralization, public spending, and economic growth in China," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 221-240, February.
    7. Wallace E. Oates, 1999. "An Essay on Fiscal Federalism," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(3), pages 1120-1149, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal Decentralisation; Human Development;

    JEL classification:

    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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