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Enhancing innovation in livestock value chains through networks: Lessons from fodder innovation case studies in developing countries


  • Seife Ayele
  • Alan Duncan
  • Asamoah Larbi
  • Truong Tan Khanh


Fodder scarcity is a perennial problem for many smallholder farmers in developing countries. This paper discusses how fodder technologies and knowledge have been introduced and integrated in diverse livestock production systems in Ethiopia, Syria and Vietnam. A synthesis of lessons learnt shows that fodder innovation is triggered and diffused by actors interacting and learning in networks, and on farms. Fodder innovation, being only one element of livestock value chains, is sustainably enhanced when linked to other innovations and market-oriented activities that optimize productivity gains. Yet innovating smallholder farmers face systemic constraints to access markets, and need to organize in groups to exploit opportunities. The paper concludes that rather than treating innovation systems and value chain approaches to agricultural development as separate tools, the integration of their complementary features enhances smallholders' innovation and market success. Copyright The Author 2012. Published by Oxford University Press., Oxford University Press.

Suggested Citation

  • Seife Ayele & Alan Duncan & Asamoah Larbi & Truong Tan Khanh, 2012. "Enhancing innovation in livestock value chains through networks: Lessons from fodder innovation case studies in developing countries," Science and Public Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 39(3), pages 333-346, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:scippl:v:39:y:2012:i:3:p:333-346

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    Cited by:

    1. Zenal Asikin & Derek Baker & Renato Villano & Arief Daryanto, 2020. "Business Models and Innovation in the Indonesian Smallholder Beef Value Chain," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-13, August.
    2. Bob Doherty & Pichawadee Kittipanya-Ngam, 2021. "The Role of Social Enterprise Hybrid Business Models in Inclusive Value Chain Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 13(2), pages 1-24, January.
    3. Kilelu, Catherine W. & Klerkx, Laurens & Leeuwis, Cees, 2013. "Unravelling the role of innovation platforms in supporting co-evolution of innovation: Contributions and tensions in a smallholder dairy development programme," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 65-77.
    4. Stür, Werner & Khanh, Truong Tan & Duncan, Alan, 2016. "Transformation of smallholder beef-cattle production in Vietnam," IFPRI book chapters, in: Devaux, André & Torero, Maximo & Donovan, Jason & Horton, Douglas E. (ed.), Innovation for inclusive value-chain development: Successes and challenges, chapter 6, pages 201-228, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
    5. Deribe, Yared & Tesfaye, Agajie, 2017. "Simultaneous estimation of multiple dairy technologies uptake," MPRA Paper 98921, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 May 2017.
    6. Birhanu, Mulugeta Yitayih & Girma, Anteneh & Puskur, Ranjitha, 2017. "Determinants of success and intensity of livestock feed technologies use in Ethiopia: Evidence from a positive deviance perspective," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 15-25.
    7. Kebebe, E. & Duncan, AJ & Klerkx, L. & de Boer, I.J.M. & Oosting, S.J., 2015. "Understanding socio-economic and policy constraints to dairy development in Ethiopia: A coupled functional-structural innovation systems analysis," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 69-78.
    8. Ravichandran, Thanammal & Teufel, Nils & Capezzone, Filippo & Birner, Regina & Duncan, Alan J., 2020. "Stimulating smallholder dairy market and livestock feed improvements through local innovation platforms in the Himalayan foothills of India," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 95(C).
    9. Kim S. Alexander & Garry Greenhalgh & Magnus Moglia & Manithaythip Thephavanh & Phonevilay Sinavong & Silva Larson & Tom Jovanovic & Peter Case, 2020. "What is technology adoption? Exploring the agricultural research value chain for smallholder farmers in Lao PDR," Agriculture and Human Values, Springer;The Agriculture, Food, & Human Values Society (AFHVS), vol. 37(1), pages 17-32, March.
    10. Catherine Kilelu & Laurens Klerkx & Amos Omore & Isabelle Baltenweck & Cees Leeuwis & Julius Githinji, 2017. "Value Chain Upgrading and the Inclusion of Smallholders in Markets: Reflections on Contributions of Multi-Stakeholder Processes in Dairy Development in Tanzania," The European Journal of Development Research, Palgrave Macmillan;European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (EADI), vol. 29(5), pages 1102-1121, November.

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