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World Health Organization Dietary Norms: A Quantitative Evaluation of Potential Consumption Impacts in the United States, United Kingdom, and France

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  • Bhavani Shankar
  • C. S. Srinivasan
  • Xavier Irz

Abstract

The member countries of the World Health Organization have endorsed its Global Strategy on Diet, Physical Activity, and Health. We assess the potential consumption impacts of these norms in the United States, France, and the United Kingdom using a mathematical programming approach. We find that adherence would involve large reductions in the consumption of fats and oils accompanying large rises in the consumption of fruits, vegetables, and cereal. Further, in the United Kingdom and the United States, but not France, sugar intakes would have to shrink considerably. Focusing on sub-populations within each country, we find that the least educated, not necessarily the poorest, would have to bear the highest burden of adjustment. Copyright 2008, Oxford University Press.

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  • Bhavani Shankar & C. S. Srinivasan & Xavier Irz, 2008. "World Health Organization Dietary Norms: A Quantitative Evaluation of Potential Consumption Impacts in the United States, United Kingdom, and France," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 151-175.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:revage:v:30:y:2008:i:1:p:151-175
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    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1111/j.1467-9353.2007.00397.x
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    1. Blisard, Noel & Variyam, Jayachandran N. & Cromartie, John, 2003. "Food Expenditures By U.S. Households: Looking Ahead To 2020," Agricultural Economics Reports 34045, United States Department of Agriculture, Economic Research Service.
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    Cited by:

    1. Irz, Xavier & Leroy, Pascal & Réquillart, Vincent & Soler, Louis-Georges, 2015. "Economic assessment of nutritional recommendations," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(C), pages 188-210.
    2. Irz, Xavier & Leroy, Pascal & Réquillart, Vincent & Soler, Louis-Georges, 2016. "Welfare and sustainability effects of dietary recommendations," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 139-155.
    3. Martine Rutten & Andrzej Tabeau & Frans Godeschalk, 2013. "A new methodology for incorporating nutrition indicators in economy-wide scenario analyses," FOODSECURE Technical papers 1, LEI Wageningen UR.

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