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Using and Interpreting Mental Health Measures in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project


  • Carolyn Payne
  • E. C. Hedberg
  • Michael Kozloski
  • William Dale
  • Martha K. McClintock


Introduction. National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) included five unique mental health measures in Waves 1 and 2 that researchers can use to measure the overall emotional health of participants: depressive symptoms, happiness–unhappiness, anxiety symptoms, perceived stress, and felt loneliness. For each, we detail the rationale for its development and explain how to score, analyze, and interpret results.

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  • Carolyn Payne & E. C. Hedberg & Michael Kozloski & William Dale & Martha K. McClintock, 2014. "Using and Interpreting Mental Health Measures in the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project," Journals of Gerontology: Series B, Gerontological Society of America, vol. 69(Suppl_2), pages 99-116.
  • Handle: RePEc:oup:geronb:v:69:y:2014:i:suppl_2:p:s99-s116.

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ruut Veenhoven & Michael Hagerty, 2006. "Rising Happiness in Nations 1946–2004: A Reply to Easterlin," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 79(3), pages 421-436, December.
    2. Ritchey, F.J. & La Gory, M. & Fitzpatrick, K.M. & Mullis, J., 1990. "A comparison of homeless, community-wide, and selected distressed samples on the CES-Depression Scale," American Journal of Public Health, American Public Health Association, vol. 80(11), pages 1384-1386.
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