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Bulgaria - EU: Dynamics of Approximation in Export Specialization


  • Dimitar Hadjinikolov

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)


The article analyses the sectoral specialization of Bulgarian exports, making a comparison with the sectoral specialization of the EU as an entity and some of the new member states. It focuses on the question of whether Bulgaria’s five years of EU mem- bership contributed to the approximation of the export specialization or differences have remained. In case there is an approximation, is it an accidental or an objective process that is observed in the other new EU member states from Central and Eastern Europe that have a similar economic structure? The answer is sought by using the index of export specialization. This index is calculated on the basis of the product groups, selected by the author in compliance with the Standard Inter- national Trade Classification. Moreover, the aggregate sectoral index deviations are com- pared by countries. Based on the comparative analysis, conclusions are made about the current situation of Bulgaria’s export spe- cialization and about the factors that impact the approximation process of the export specialization of the EU member states.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitar Hadjinikolov, 2012. "Bulgaria - EU: Dynamics of Approximation in Export Specialization," Economic Alternatives, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 38-45, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:eajour:y:2012:i:1:p:38-45

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Leamer, Edward E. & Levinsohn, James, 1995. "International trade theory: The evidence," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1339-1394, Elsevier.
    2. Paskal Zhelev, 2009. "Export Specialisation of Bulgaria in the Relations with the European Union (1999-2007)," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 229-278, March.
    3. repec:fth:michin:368 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles Marrewijk, 2001. "On the empirical distribution of the Balassa index," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(1), pages 1-35, March.
    5. Markusen, James R. & Melvin, James R. & Maskus, Keith E. & Kaempfer, William, 1995. "International trade: theory and evidence," MPRA Paper 21989, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    More about this item


    export specialization; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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