IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/nwe/eajour/y2012i1p38-45.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Bulgaria - EU: Dynamics of Approximation in Export Specialization

Author

Listed:
  • Dimitar Hadjinikolov

    (University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria)

Abstract

The article analyses the sectoral specialization of Bulgarian exports, making a comparison with the sectoral specialization of the EU as an entity and some of the new member states. It focuses on the question of whether Bulgaria’s five years of EU mem- bership contributed to the approximation of the export specialization or differences have remained. In case there is an approximation, is it an accidental or an objective process that is observed in the other new EU member states from Central and Eastern Europe that have a similar economic structure? The answer is sought by using the index of export specialization. This index is calculated on the basis of the product groups, selected by the author in compliance with the Standard Inter- national Trade Classification. Moreover, the aggregate sectoral index deviations are com- pared by countries. Based on the comparative analysis, conclusions are made about the current situation of Bulgaria’s export spe- cialization and about the factors that impact the approximation process of the export specialization of the EU member states.

Suggested Citation

  • Dimitar Hadjinikolov, 2012. "Bulgaria - EU: Dynamics of Approximation in Export Specialization," Economic Alternatives, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 38-45, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:nwe:eajour:y:2012:i:1:p:38-45
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.unwe.bg/uploads/Alternatives/BROI_1_ECONOMIC_ALTERNATIVES_ENGLISH_2012-03.pdf
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Leamer, Edward E. & Levinsohn, James, 1995. "International trade theory: The evidence," Handbook of International Economics, in: G. M. Grossman & K. Rogoff (ed.), Handbook of International Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 26, pages 1339-1394, Elsevier.
    2. Paskal Zhelev, 2009. "Export Specialisation of Bulgaria in the Relations with the European Union (1999-2007)," Nauchni trudove, University of National and World Economy, Sofia, Bulgaria, issue 1, pages 229-278, March.
    3. repec:fth:michin:368 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Jeroen Hinloopen & Charles Marrewijk, 2001. "On the empirical distribution of the Balassa index," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(1), pages 1-35, March.
    5. Markusen, James R. & Melvin, James R. & Maskus, Keith E. & Kaempfer, William, 1995. "International trade: theory and evidence," MPRA Paper 21989, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Hadjinikolov, Dimitar, 2012. "Bulgaria - EU: Dynamics of Approximation in Export Specialization," MPRA Paper 48249, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Veselin Hadzhiev, 2014. "Overall Revealed Comparative Advantages," Eurasian Journal of Economics and Finance, Eurasian Publications, vol. 2(1), pages 47-53.
    3. Haixiao Huang, Walter C. Labys, 2002. "Environment and trade: a review of issues and methods," International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, Inderscience Enterprises Ltd, vol. 2(1/2), pages 100-160.
    4. Davis, Graham A., 2010. "Trade in mineral resources," WTO Staff Working Papers ERSD-2010-01, World Trade Organization (WTO), Economic Research and Statistics Division.
    5. Veselin Hadjiev, 2014. "Current general comparative advantages in international trade," Economic Thought journal, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences - Economic Research Institute, issue 4, pages 65-79.
    6. Shujiro Urata & Kozo Kiyota, 2003. "Services Trade in East Asia," NBER Chapters, in: Trade in Services in the Asia-Pacific Region, pages 379-428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Kojima, Kiyoshi, 2005. "A reversal of "competitive advantage" pattern: Heterogenization versus homogenization," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(3), pages 443-463, June.
    8. Michael Katz & Joel F. Bruneau & Andrew Schmitz, 2008. "Identifying and Applying a Comparative Advantage Framework in Canadian Supply‐Managed Agriculture," Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics/Revue canadienne d'agroeconomie, Canadian Agricultural Economics Society/Societe canadienne d'agroeconomie, vol. 56(2), pages 129-143, June.
    9. Jules Hugot & Camilo Umana Dajud, 2016. "Trade costs and the Suez and Panama Canals," Working Papers 2016-29, CEPII research center.
    10. Zehra Vildan Serin & Seda Yeldan, 2023. "Determining the Competitiveness of Türkiye’s Selected Defense Products: A Revealed Comparative Advantage and Comparative Export Performance," Journal of Economic Policy Researches, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 10(2), pages 485-503, July.
    11. Karina Acosta & Hengyu Gu, 2022. "Locked up? The development and internal migration nexus in Colombia," Documentos de Trabajo Sobre Economía Regional y Urbana 19931, Banco de la República, Economía Regional.
    12. Beňo, Michal, 2021. "E-working: Country Versus Culture Dimension," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 13(2), June.
    13. Pavel Ciaian & d'Artis Kancs & Jan Pokrivcak, 2008. "Comparative Advantages, Transaction Costs and Factor Content of Agricultural Trade: Empirical Evidence from the CEE," EERI Research Paper Series EERI_RP_2008_03, Economics and Econometrics Research Institute (EERI), Brussels.
    14. Greenaway, David & Torstensson, Johan, 2000. "Economic Geography, Comparative Advantage and Trade within Industries: Evidence from the OECD," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 15, pages 260-280.
    15. Chateau, J. & Dellink, R. & Lanzi, E. & Magne, B., 2012. "Long-term economic growth and environmental pressure: reference scenarios for future global projections," Conference papers 332249, Purdue University, Center for Global Trade Analysis, Global Trade Analysis Project.
    16. Prochazka, Petr & Smutka, Lubos, 2012. "Czech Republic as an Important Producer of Poppy Seed," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 4(2), pages 1-13, June.
    17. Schaak, Henning, 2015. "The Impact of Free Trade Agreements on International Agricultural Trade: A Gravity Application on the Dairy Product Trade and the ASEAN-China-FTA," 55th Annual Conference, Giessen, Germany, September 23-25, 2015 211619, German Association of Agricultural Economists (GEWISOLA).
    18. William R Kerr, 2018. "Heterogeneous Technology Diffusion and Ricardian Trade Patterns," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank, vol. 32(1), pages 163-182.
    19. Wu, Po-Chin & Liu, Shiao-Yen & Pan, Sheng-Chieh, 2013. "Nonlinear bilateral trade balance-fundamentals nexus: A panel smooth transition regression approach," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 318-329.
    20. Dominika Choros-Mrozowska, 2020. "Changes and Comparisons in Pattern of Polish Chinese Trade within the “16+1” Format," European Research Studies Journal, European Research Studies Journal, vol. 0(2), pages 327-342.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    export specialization; international trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:nwe:eajour:y:2012:i:1:p:38-45. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Vanya Lazarova (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://edirc.repec.org/data/unweebg.html .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.