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Non linearità e dinamica della dimensione d'impresa in Italia

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  • Roberto Basile
  • Sergio De Nardis

Abstract

Utilizzando i dati ISTAT sulle imprese manifatturiere italiane nate nel 1996 e attive nel 2000, si analizza la dinamica della dimensione d'impresa tramite due differenti tecniche non parametriche: la regressione locale lineare e la densità condizionata. La prima suggerisce la presenza di forti non linearità nel processo di crescita dimensionale, fornendo nuovi spunti al dibattito sulla legge di Gibrat: la relazione tra crescita e dimensione iniziale esiste, ma entro certi limiti dimensionali. La seconda metodologia, consistente in stime di densità condizionate, viene adottata perché la media condizionata, pur stimata con tecniche non parametriche, può perdere la sua capacità di rappresentare il fenomeno in presenza di forti asimmetrie e bimodalità nella distribuzione. La verifica evidenzia che fenomeni di bimodalità non sembrano esistere, se non in corrispondenza di dimensioni minime (1-2 dipendenti). Le stime di densità condizionata mostrano, inoltre, che intorno ai 15 addetti, in corrispondenza dei quali si ha un rilevante mutamento nelle regole del mercato del lavoro, prevalgono comportamenti di inerzia o di contrazione, particolarmente evidenti quando si limita l'analisi con dimensione iniziale compresa tra 5 e 25 dipendenti.

Suggested Citation

  • Roberto Basile & Sergio De Nardis, 2004. "Non linearità e dinamica della dimensione d'impresa in Italia," Rivista italiana degli economisti, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 3, pages 423-454.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:jqat1f:doi:10.1427/19763:y:2004:i:3:p:423-454
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Francesca Lotti & Enrico Santarelli, 2004. "Industry Dynamics and the Distribution of Firm Sizes: A Nonparametric Approach," Southern Economic Journal, Southern Economic Association, vol. 70(3), pages 443-466, January.
    2. Francesca Lotti & Enrico Santarelli, 2001. "Industry Dynamics and the Distribution of Firm Sizes: A Non-Parametric Approach," LEM Papers Series 2001/14, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    3. Pietro Garibaldi & Lia Pacelli & Andrea Borgarello, 2004. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 63(1), pages 33-68, April.
    4. Luís M B Cabral & José Mata, 2003. "On the Evolution of the Firm Size Distribution: Facts and Theory," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 93(4), pages 1075-1090, September.
    5. F. Lotti & E. Santarelli & M. Vivarelli, 1999. "Does Gibrat’s Law Hold in the Case of Young, Small Firms?," Working Papers 361, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
    6. Gianni Principe, 2003. "Soglie Dimensionali e Regolazione del Rapporto di Lavoro in Italia," ISAE Working Papers 36, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).
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    Cited by:

    1. Sergio de Nardis & Massimo Mancini & Carmine Pappalardo, 2003. "Regolazione del mercato del lavoro e crescita dimensionale delle imprese: Una verifica sull'effetto soglia dei 15 dipendenti," ISAE Working Papers 38, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General

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