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The awarding of public works in Italy: an analysis of the mechanisms for the selection of contractors

Author

Listed:
  • Francesco Decarolis
  • Cristina Giorgiantonio
  • Valentina Giovanniello

Abstract

Nonostante le numerose riforme, il sistema italiano degli appalti pubblici è caratterizzato da un'elevata frammentazione ed esposto in misura considerevole ai rischi di collusione, corruzione e rinegoziazioni successive con gli aggiudicatari dei contratti. Carenze sono, inoltre, presenti sul piano della progettazione degli interventi. Tali aspetti di criticità sembrano in parte riconducibili all'attuale disciplina relativa all'affidamento di contratti di appalto di lavori pubblici, che non garantisce il corretto funzionamento dei meccanismi di selezione del contraente privato. Le indicazioni provenienti dalla letteratura economica e i confronti internazionali suggeriscono che miglioramenti potrebbero provenire da: i) l'eliminazione del ricorso a meccanismi di esclusione automatica delle offerte anomale, che ridurrebbe i rischi di collusione tra gli offerenti; ii) un accentramento delle valutazioni di anomalia delle offerte in capo a stazioni appaltanti di maggiori dimensioni e un innalzamento degli importi delle garanzie fideiussorie prestate dai soggetti aggiudicatari, che ridurrebbero i rischi di rinegoziazioni successive e di mancato completamento dell'opera; iii) un rafforzamento delle misure di contrasto ai fenomeni di corruzione, specie per quanto attiene ai controlli relativi alla sub-contrattazione; iv) una maggiore standardizzazione progettuale e, per gli appalti più complessi, il ricorso al dialogo competitivo.

Suggested Citation

  • Francesco Decarolis & Cristina Giorgiantonio & Valentina Giovanniello, 2011. "The awarding of public works in Italy: an analysis of the mechanisms for the selection of contractors," Mercato Concorrenza Regole, Società editrice il Mulino, issue 2, pages 235-272.
  • Handle: RePEc:mul:jhpfyn:doi:10.1434/35247:y:2011:i:2:p:235-272
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    Cited by:

    1. Decarolis, Francesco & Giorgiantonio, Cristina, 2015. "Local public procurement regulations: The case of Italy," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 209-226.
    2. Bucciol, Alessandro & Chillemi, Ottorino & Palazzi, Giacomo, 2013. "Cost overrun and auction format in small size public works," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 35-42.
    3. Valter Di Giacinto & Giacinto Micucci & Pasqualino Montanaro, 2012. "The Macroeconomic Impact of Infrastructures: A Literature Review and Empirical Analysis on the Case of Italy," QA - Rivista dell'Associazione Rossi-Doria, Associazione Rossi Doria, issue 1, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    D44; H57; K23; L22.;

    JEL classification:

    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions
    • H57 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Procurement
    • K23 - Law and Economics - - Regulation and Business Law - - - Regulated Industries and Administrative Law
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure

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